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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: March-April.
Type: Type: Described from Europe: England, Belgium etc.
Distribution: Distribution: Widely cultivated throughout the world and not wild anywhere. Mediterranean region and C. Asia are said to be its centre of origin.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Turnip is extensively cultivated throughout the area, during winter, for its tuberous roots which are used as food and fodder.
Map Location: E-6 Multan, D. Ritchie s.n. (E.); without locality, J.L Stewart s.n. (E); F-5 Khairpur, cultivated, fls. yellow, root tuberous, 7.3.56, Jafri 1224 (KUH).


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Biennial with tuberous tap root; stem up to 100 cm tall, branched, ± hairy below and glabrous above. Lower leaves grass-green, lyrate-pinnatifid, usually 5-jugate, 10-30 cm long, 5-10 cm broad, stalked, ± bristly; middle and upper leaves glabrous and glaucous, sessile, oblong-lanceolate, at least 1/2 clasping the stem with broadened cordate base. Racemes 30-40-flowered, corymbose above, lengthening late so that the opened flowers overtop the buds. Flowers 6-10 mm across, dull to golden yellow; pedicel 6-15 mm long, increasing up to 30 mm in fruit. Sepals 4-6 mm long, 2 mm broad. Petals 8-1.0 mm long, 3.5-5 mm broad. Stamens 4:6 mm long. Siliquae 35-80 mm long, 2-3 mm broad, linear, subtorulose, including 10-20 mm long (c. 1 /3-1 /4 as long as the valves) beak (with 0-1 seed) ; valves membranous, yellowish, glabrous with a prominent mid-vein; septum membranous, not veined; seeds 8-12 in each locule, globose, c.1.8 mm in diam., pale yellowish-brown, black near the hilum, finely reticulate-alveolate.
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