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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/13/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 8/13/2013)
Contributor W. G. D'ARCY
Description Trees or shrubs of spreading habit, stellate pubescent to glabrous, sometimes lepidote. Leaves alternate, entire, serrate or denticulate, often glabrous above and pubescent or lepidote beneath, estipulate. Inflorescences simple or sparingly branched racemes, axillary or terminal, sometimes corymbose or reduced; pedicels subtended by reduced foliose bracts. Flowers with the calyx synsepalous, trun- cate or 4-5-lobed, the lobes mostly small, the corolla egress often stretching the calyx apex into a thin sleeve; corolla mostly white, campanulate or tubular, 4-5- lobed or divided, valvate or imbricate; stamens in one whorl, rarely as many as the petals, mostly twice as many, sometimes in 2 alternating series, the filaments basally connate, the tube adnate to the corolla, sometimes extending above it, glabrous or pubescent, the anthers narrow, basifixed, sometimes versatile, de- hiscing longitudinally, introrse; ovary superior or inferior, of 3-5 fused carpels, mostly basally 3-5 locular-and apically 1-locular by virtue of the basal septation and the axile placenta; ovules 1-many in each locule, erect or pendulous, anat- ropous, tenuinucellate, the style terminal, united, the stigma punctiform or mi- nutely 3-5 lobate. Fruit a capsule or drupe, sometimes baccate, sometimes winged; seeds 1-many, often 1-few by abortion, embryo straight or slightly curved, the cotyledons appressed, the endosperm present.
Habit Trees or shrubs
Reference De Candolle, A. 1844. Styracaceae in A. P. De Candolle. Prodromus Systematis Naturalis 8: 244-272. Gonsoulin, G. J. 1974. A revision of Styrax (Styracaceae) in North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Sida 5: 191-258. Metcalfe, C. R. & L. Chalk. 1950. Anatomy of the Dicotyledons. Oxford. Perkins, J. 1907. Styracaceae in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV(241): 1-111. Schadel, W. E. & W. C. Dickison. 1979. Leaf anatomy and venation patterns of the Styracaceae. J. Arnold Arboretum 59: 8-37.
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