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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/31/2012)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/31/2012)
Species TILLANDSIA JUNCEA (R. & P.) Poir.
PlaceOfPublication Lam. Encycl. Suppl. 5:309. 1817.
Synonym Bonapartea juncea R. & P. Fl. Peruv. 3:38. 1802. Misandra juncea (R. & P.) Dietr. Lex. Nachtr. 5:103. 1819. Acanthospora juncea (R. & P.) Spreng. Syst. 2:25. 1825. Tillandsia quadrangularis Mart. & Gal. in Bull. Acad. Brux. 101:119. 1843. Platystachys juncea (R. & P.) Beer, Bromel. 86. 1857. Tillandsia juncifolia Regel in Gartenfl. 23:321. 1874.
Description Plants 2-4 dm. high, often with scaly branching rhizomes. Leaves many in a dense fasciculate rosette, usually equaling the inflorescence or shorter, densely subappressed - lepidote; sheaths triangular - ovate, conspicuous, ferruginous; blades linear-subulate, filiform-acuminate. Scape erect or ascending, stout. Scape-bracts densely imbricate, lance- elliptic, acuminate, filiform-laminate, subcharta- ceous, densely pale-lepidote. Inflorescence densely digitate from a few spikes or sometimes reduced to a single densely polystichous-flowered spike, ovoid, rarely over 7 cm. long. Primary bracts like the upper scape-bracts, subinvolucrate be- low the inflorescence, their sheaths slightly short- er than the lower axillary spikes, their blades mostly exceeding them. Spikes sessile, elliptic or lanceolate, acute, to 4 cm. long, stout, slight- ly complanate. Floral bracts densely imbricate, broadly ovate, exceeding the sepals, carinate in the distichous-flowered spikes, coriaceous or sub- coriaceous, nearly or quite even, densely lepidote, often red. Flowers subsessile. Sepals lanceolate, acute, 15-20 mm. long, glabrous or sparsely lepidote, the posterior ones much connate. Petals tubular-erect, to 4 cm. long, violet. Stamens exserted. Capsule slenderly cylindric, 25-3 5 mm. long.
Distribution Florida, Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, southern Mexico, Central America, Trinidad and Colombia south to Peru and Bolivia.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Water Valley, von Wedel 648. CHIRIQUf: pastures around El Boquete, alt. 1000-1300 m., Pittier 30I0; valley of the Rio Caldera, from El Boquete to the Cordillera, alt. 1400-1600 m., Killip 35II; Bajo Mono, Boquete District, alt. 1350 m., Davidson 467; Finca Lerida to Boquete, alt. ca. 1300-1700 m., Woodson, Allen d Seibert II28.
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