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Published In: Plantae Junghuhnianae 1: 42. 1851. (Pl. Jungh.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: ABDUL GHAFOOR
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: March April.
Type: Type: “Habitat in Insula Java” (Jungh).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan India, Nepal, W. & S. China and Indo-China.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Reported to be cultivated in Punjab (Rawalpindi, Lahore etc.) and Abbotabad by Parker (l.c.) and Stewart, (l.c.). It is often grafted on Morus alba and sometimes bears light purple fruits.


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A small to large tree, upto 10 m tall with a dense crown. Trunk c.1.5-2 m in circumference, with grey smooth bark, young shoots long soft hairy. Leaves with 2.5-4.5 cm long, pubescent petiole; lamina ovate or rotundate-ovate, 7-15 (-18) cm long, 3-10 cm broad, 3-5-costate at the rounded to ± cordate base, sparsely pubescent to glabrous, margins finely serrate, shortly acuminate; stipules lanceolate, pubescent. Male catkins 5-10 cm long including a slender c. 1.5 cm long, pubescent peduncle, densely hairy. Male flowers: sepals 4, ciliate on margins; staminal filaments as long as long as sepals. Female catkins cylindric, 5-12 cm long including c. 2 cm long peduncle, pendulous, lax-flowered, almost glabrous. Female flowers: sepals 4, imbricate, thin, outer 2 concave-rotundate., inner ones plane, floccose-ciliate on margins; ovary with elongated, bipartite style, stigmas patent. Sorosis cylindrical, more than 5 cm long, yellowish-white, fleshy, edible, slightly tasteless.
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