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Published In: University of California Publications in Botany 20(1): 57. 1942. (21 Jul 1942) (Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/25/2017)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 7/9/2009)
Status: Native


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7c. ssp. rugosa (Alph. Wood) Epling

S. ovata var. rugosa (Alph. Wood) Fernald

S. ovata subsp. rupestris Epling, an invalid name

Plants relatively short, the stems mostly 10–40 cm long. Leaf blades mostly 1.5–5.0 cm long, appearing strongly puckered, the veins strongly impressed on the upper surface, strongly raised on the undersurface. Inflorescences with the bracts not extending past the calyces of the flowers they subtend (except rarely in some late-season inflorescences). Corollas with the lower lip blue, with a pair of longitudinal white bands along the midvein, these often with small blue spots or fine mottling. May–October.

Scattered, mostly in the Ozark and Ozark Border Divisions, north locally to Monroe and Marion Counties (Missouri to Arkansas east to West Virginia and North Carolina). Mesic to dry upland forests, glades, banks of streams and rivers, and bases, ledges, and tops of bluffs; also railroads and roadsides.



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