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Published In: Annals of Botany 1: 241. 1805. (Ann. Bot. (König & Sims)) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: S. I. Ali & Brian Mathew
Synonym Text: Iris sisyrinchium L., Sp. Pl. 40. 1753; Boiss., Fl. Or. 5: 120. 1884; Baker, Handb. Irideae: 43. 1892. Gynandriris sisyrinchium (L.) Parl., Nuovo Gen. e Spec. Monocot 49. 1854; Wendelbo & B. Mathew in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 112. 12. 1975; R.R. Mill in P.H. Davis, Fl. Turk. 8: 412. 1984; B. Mathew, Iris (rev. ed.) 181. 1989. Goldblatt l.c. 254. 1980; Iris maricoides Regel in Acta Horti Petropol. 8: 676. 1884; Gynandriris maricoides (Regel) Nevski in Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS Ser. 1. 4: 217. 1937.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per: March-May.
Type: Lectotype: The illustration of 'Sisyrinchium majus' in Clusius, Rar. Pl. Hist. 1: 216. 1601 (Goldblatt in Bot. Not. 133: 255. 1980).
Distribution: Distribution: Throughout Mediterranean regions from Portugal and N. Africa eastwards through Europe, Libya, Egypt to Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Russian Central Asia and Pakistan.
Photo: Moraea sisyrinchium Ker Gawl. (Photo)
Map Location: B-6 Malakand Agency, near Bubkhela, common weed of cultivation, flowers beautiful blue, 15.4.1967, E. Nasir, Siddiqi & Zaffar 4417 (RAW); below Malakand, along field borders, in fruits, 11.4.1980, Y. Nasir & Khan 9046A (KUH); 2 miles below Malakand, rd. to Swat, 12.4.1975, E.J. Ecker & Y. Nasir 7608 (RAW); below Malakand, flowers bluish purple with white throat, common in cultivated field, 10.4.1986, Y. Nasir & Rubina Akhter 11805 (RAW); B-7 Lower Swat, grain fields, common, (3000 ft., 5-8 April, 1956, R.R. STewart 27517 (BM, RAW); Swat, Mingora, 3000 ft., in fields, 11.4.1954, S. Ali 25964 (BM); Between Bari Kot and Chakdara, 30 cm, 4.4.1984, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 7450 (KUH); Malakand-Swat Rd., by cult. field, in fruit, 19.4.1971, M.A. Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 7367 (KUH); Swat, Mingora, in fields, 3000 ft., 11.4.1954, S. Ali 25964 (RAW); Swat, 2-6.3.1959, Dr. Salt (RAW); Swat, Kanjoo, 20.4.1954, A. Rahman 25879 (RAW); C-6 Peshawar, 22.4.1935, J.N. Behal 89 (RAW); Peshawar, 22.4.1939, Sher Ahmad (RAW); Hangu, (5000, 7.4.1966, M.A. Siddiqi & Zaffar Ali 3706 (RAW); Kurram valley, 1894, Harsukh, legit Dithie 14743 (K); Kurram, near Badishkel, April 1879, J.E.T. Aitchison 46 (K); Peshawar, near Islamia College, wheat fields, April 1936, R.R. Stewart (RAW); Peshawar, Military Grass Farm, 24.3.1940, Baldew Roy 19372 (RAW); Parachinar, 5500 ft., Collector Unknown $211 (RAW); D-4 Quetta, 4.4.1893, legit J.F. Duthie 173 (K); Quetta, Stocks 1054 (K); Quetta, 5600 ft., April, 1888, Comm. J.H. Lace 3411 (K); Quetta, 6.4.1888, J.F. Duthie 8715 (K); Quetta, 5500 ft., common in season, 9.5.1952, H. Crookshank 17 (K); Quetta, 1918, Bernard Stilwell (K); Kuchlak, Quetta, in cult. field, 3.4.1987, Y. Nasir 12423 (RAW); Quetta, 5700 ft., 2.10.1957, R.R. STewart 26180 (RAW); 31 miles from Quetta on way to Ziarat, sandy clay soil, herb, bulbs up to 10 cm deep, flower blue, 11.4.1970, Sultanul Abedin 4731 (KUH); 301/2 miles from Quetta on way to Ziarat, 30 cm tall, purple, corona absent, white inside at the base, purplish outside, 11.4.1970, Sultan-ul-Abedin 4719 (KUH); Quetta Vy., (5000 ft., in sand, 23.5.1968, Zaffar Ali 4793(RAW); D-5 Loralai, 6.3.1943, Mohindar Nath 6008 (RAW); F-3 Nag, Rest House, height 20 cm, 5.4.1971, Sultan-ul-Abedin 6869 (KUH); F-4 Baghban, 15 miles before Khuzdar, Khuzdar-Surab Rd., soil wet, sandy, height 20 cm, flower bluish purple, 8.4.1971, Sultan-ul-Abedin 7155 (RAW); G-2 Panjgur, soil wet sandy clay, height 30 cm, 4.4.1971, Sultan-ul-Abedin & Abrar Husain 6745 (KUH); Panjgur, soil wet, sandy clay, height 20 cm, 3.4.1971, Sultan-ul-Abedin & Abrar Husain 6686 (KUH).


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Corm 1-3 cm in diameter, ovoid to globose, outer tunic brown, fibrous, reticulate, elongating into a neck. Aerial stem 5-35 (-60) cm. Leaves 2, with sheathing tubular basal portion enclosing the stem, lamina linear, 10-38 cm long, 5-8 (-10) mm broad. Aerial stem 6-40 (-60) cm tall, with a terminal and 1-2 lateral, 2-4-flowered inflorescences. Bracts scarious, 35-70 mm, inner shorter or equally long. Perianth (perigone) violet blue, white near base of blade of outer segments somewhat spotted; tube absent. Outer segments 2.5-3.5 cm long, claw narrow; inner segments erect, slightly shorter and narrower. Filaments 4-14 mm long, anther 6-10 mm. Pedicel c. 5 mm. Beak of ovary c. 2 cm long; style c. 5 mm long, split into tepaloid 1.5-2.5 cm erect branches; stigma bilobed. Capsule 1.5-4 cm long. Seeds 1.5-3 mm, subellipsoid, somewhat compressed, black-brown.
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