Home Araliaceae Central:
A Global Catalogue of Genera and Species
Araliaceae
Genera
Species
Photos
Specimens
All Images
References
Search Builder (not yet operational)
How to Use Araliaceae Central
Polyscias balansae (Baill.) Harms Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 3(8): 45. 1894. (Nat. Pflanzenfam.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 12/30/2020)
Acceptance : Accepted
Taxon Profile     (Last Modified On 7/1/2012)
Description: Dioecious trees 1–4 (–8) m tall, monocaulous or sparsely branched. Leaves once-pinnate, 11–48 cm long; leaflets 7–11, lamina drying light to dark green, paler below, coriaceous, lanceolate, elliptical, narrowly or broadly ovate, or obovate 5.5–10.5 × (2.5–) 3.5–7.5 (–9) cm, the apex rounded to acute to acuminate, the margin undulate or crenate with 3–several rounded teeth (rarely sharply serrate), slightly thickened and occasionally minutely revolute, the base strongly asymmetric, truncate to rounded to cuneate; petiolules 6–10 mm long; rachis articulated at insertion of leaflets, glabrous; petiole 5.5–13 cm long, 3–5 mm diam., glabrous, base not alate (or only minutely so). Inflorescence a panicle of umbellules or subcapitula (pistillate individuals) or racemules (staminate individuals), terminal, erect, rounded or slightly oblong, the axes glabrous to puberulent throughout; the bractlets caducous, ovate with an acuminate tip, conduplicate, 4–7 mm long; the primary axis 5–14 cm long; the secondary axes 3–10, scattered, 3.5–7.5 cm long; the tertiary axes 4–14 per secondary axis, scattered along its length (typically terminated by an umbel of 4–6 tertiary axes), 10–35 mm long, each with a terminal umbellule or subcapitula of 4–5 pedicellate or subsessile flowers subtended by two ovate, acuminate , conduplicate bractlets 4–7 mm long; pedicels <0.5–1 (rarely 3–4) mm long, articulated below the ovary. Calyx collar-like, 1–1.2 mm tall, rim with ca. 4 triangular teeth. Corolla in bud narrowly pyramidal; the petals 4 [presentation of petals at anthesis not seen], narrowly triangular, 2 × 1.2–1.5 mm in pistillate flowers, 2.5–3 × 2–3 mm in staminate flowers. Stamens at anthesis not seen. Ovary 2-carpellate, elliptic to obovate/obtrapezoidal, 6–8 mm tall at anthesis in pistillate flowers; ovary of staminate flowers vestigial, obconic; styles 2, free to the base, 1.5–2.5 mm long with the free arms ascending when receptive and recurved in fruit. Mature fruit strongly compressed laterally, drying reddish, reddish-tan, to black, circular to elliptic to ovate or obovate/obtrapezoidal, (6–) 8–10 × (5–) 6–7 mm, glabrous, the base rounded to slightly cordate, the ribs well developed when dry.

 

 


 

 
 
© 2021 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110