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Published In: Flora indica; or, descriptions of Indian Plants 2: 2. 1832. (Fl. Ind.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/9/2012)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 4/9/2012)
Contributor Text:


Contributor Institution:

Don McNair Herbarium, School of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW-2308, Australia

E-mails: abdul.ghafour@newcastle.edu.au; artemisiella89@gmail.com

Synonym Text:

E. hemiphloia F. Muell. ex. Benth., Fl. Austr. 3: 216. 1866; R. Parker, For. Fl. Punj. 249. 1956.


Fl. Per.: November – March


Described from a plant cultivated in Amboyna, Indonesia, C. Smith s. n (BM fide L. A. S. Johnson, Contr. New S. Wales Natl. Herb. 3: 115. 1962).


Australia (Queensland, New South Wales); introduced in Pakistan.


Vern.: Grey box

The wood is very hard, strong, extremely durable and termite resistant and has been used in Australia for heavy construction, electric poles, posts, bridges, wharves, railway sleepers and general outdoor use.

Map Location:

B-6 Peshawar Dist.: Agricultural Research fields, Pakistan Forest Research Institute, March ’85, A. R. Beg s. n. (KUH); D-8 Lahore Dist.: Changa Manga, 7.11.71, A. R. Beg s. n. (PPFI).


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Tree, 20 – 30 m tall, 5 – 10 m wide, dense crown or canopy. Bark rough, fibrous, grey, persistent on lower half of trunk only or occasionally more, then smooth, grey or white above due to shedding in ribbons from top downwards. Leaves alternate, petiole terete to slightly flattened, 1.5 – 2.5 cm long, lamina, broadly lanceolate to lanceolate, 7 – 17 x 2 – 3.3 cm. Inflorescence mostly terminal, sometimes axillary, panicle of 7-flowered umbels on 5 – 13 mm long peduncles. Flowers white, c. 1.5 cm across, on angular, 1 – 7 mm long pedicels. Buds fusiform to diamond-shaped, (6-) 8 – 10 mm long, with 3 – 5 mm long, conical, sometimes rostrate, calyptra, hypanthium obconical, nearly as long as calyptra, 3 – 4 mm wide, with 4, faint ribs. Fruits copular, barrel-shaped or ± urceolate, 5 – 9 x 4 – 6 mm, faintly ribbed; disc broad, steeply descending; valves mostly 4, deeply enclosed. Seeds compressed, ovoid, brown to grey.

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