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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 11/29/2012)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 11/29/2012)
Species EPIPHYLLUM PHYLLANTHUS (L.) Haw.
PlaceOfPublication Syn. P1. Succ. 197. 1812
Reference Britton & Rose, in Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ. No. 248. 4:187. 1923.
Synonym Cactus phyllanthus L. Sp. PI. 469. 1753. Opuntia phyllanthus (L.) Mill. Gard. Chron. ed. 8. 1768. Cereus phyllanthus (L.) DC. Prodr. 3:469. 1828. Phyllocactus phyllanthus (L.) Link, Handb. Erkenn. Gewachse 2:11. 183 1. Rhipsalis phyllanthus (L.) K. Sch. in Mart. Fl. Bras. 42:298. 1890, in part, as to basinym. Epiphyllum gaillardae Britton & Rose, in Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 16:240. 1913. Phyllocactus gaillardae (Britton & Rose) Vaupel, in Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 23:87. 1913.
Description Succulent epiphytic shrubs, the primary stem joints terete, elongate, about 5 mm. thick when young, probably thicker when old, the secondary stem joints narrowly oblong-elliptic to linear-elliptic, usually obtuse to rounded at the tip, cuneately decurrent into a terete subpetiolar base, 3-5 dm. long, 2-8 cm. wide, rather narrowly serrate, thick and callose-marginate in dessication, the areoles 3-5 cm. distant, naked or indefinitely papillate, borne superficially upon the upper broad margin of the serrations. Flowers nocturnal, very elongate and slender, white,
Habit shrub
Description the perianth tube about 18-25 cm. long, narrowly tubular, about 3 mm. in di- ameter at the base, abruptly dilated into an extremely short conic throat about 8 mm. broad at the orifice, bearing very few distant and inconspicuous external bracts, the perianth segments very narrowly oblong-elliptic, acuminate, spreading, the inner about 3-4 cm. long, the ovary oblongoid, inconspicuously tuberculate. Berry oblong-turbinate, truncate, somewhat tuberculate-angulate, about 7-8 cm. long and 2 cm. broad, bright red when ripe.
Distribution Costa Rica to Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Quebrada Culebra, Madden Lake, Dodge & Allen i7o56. COCLE: hills north of El Valle, alt. 1000 m., Allen 2334; Penonome, Williams 423. COLON: Porto Bello, Pittier in I9I2. DARIEN: headwaters of Rio Chico, alt. 500-750 ft., Allen 4609. PANAMA: vicinity of Pacora, alt. 40 m., Allen 224I; Juan Diaz, Maxon d Harvey 6706.
 
 
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