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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 268. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/11/2017)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 7/9/2009)
Status: Introduced


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2. Viburnum lantana L. (wayfaring tree, twistwood)

Map 1438

Plants shrubs 2–3(–5) m tall. Bark firm, not peeling, usually relatively smooth to finely roughened or warty on younger branches, occasionally becoming somewhat fissured on older stems, gray or grayish brown to reddish brown. Winter buds more or less narrowly oblong, slightly flattened, naked (lacking scales), densely pubescent with minute, stellate hairs, not sticky. Stipules usually absent, when present minute and shed early. Petioles 5–20 mm long, unwinged or less commonly with minute, winglike ridges toward the tip (these usually obscured by the pubescence), densely pubescent with minute, gray, stellate hairs, lacking prominent glandular swellings near the tip. Leaf blades 5–10 cm long, 2.5–5.5 cm wide, unlobed, thin to relatively thick but soft and not leathery, ovate to elliptic or broadly ovate, rounded to truncate or shallowly cordate at the base, angled or short-tapered to a bluntly or sharply pointed tip, rarely rounded at the tip, the margins finely toothed with the teeth (3–)5–12 per cm, 30–45 on each side, the surfaces densely pubescent with minute, gray, stellate hairs or the upper surface sparsely to moderately hairy at maturity, sometimes with 3–5 main veins from the base, otherwise pinnately veined, the secondary veins straight to somewhat arched or curved, dichotomously branched 1–4 times but not forming a network, extending to the leaf margin, each branch ending in a tooth. Inflorescences sessile or short-stalked, with usually 7 primary branches, these with dense, minute, gray, stellate hairs at flowering, the marginal flowers fertile and similar to the other flowers. Ovaries glabrous. Fruits 8–10 mm long, ellipsoid to nearly spherical, red, sometimes turning dark bluish purple with age, not glaucous. Nutlet 7–9 mm long, yellowish brown to reddish brown. 2n=18. March–April.

Introduced, uncommon, known thus far from a single specimen from Cape Girardeau County (native of Europe, Asia; introduced sporadically in the northeastern U.S. west to Iowa and Missouri, also Montana to Colorado; Canada). Mesic upland forests.

Steyermark (1963) was unable to examine the voucher specimen documenting this species from Missouri, which was collected in 1957 in Cape Girardeau, and thus failed to include it in his treatment. The wayfaring tree of Eurasia has long been cultivated as an ornamental in North America, and it occasionally escapes. Viburnum lantana is a member of section Viburnum, which includes about 18 species, all native to Europe and Asia. A number of Viburnum species commonly cultivated in the United States are members of this morphologically diverse section.



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