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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 218. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 11/11/2012)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 11/11/2012)

1. Herniaria glabra L., Sp. Pl. 218 (1753); Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1: 740 (1867). Type: Describd from Europe, Herb. Linn. no. 312.1 (LINN). [Plate 190]

Common name:

Smooth Rupture-Wort; דרכנית קרחת


Batha and fallow fields. Coastal Galilee, Acco Plain, Sharon, Upper and Lower Galilee, Shefela, Judean Mts., Golan. Rare.    

Area distribution:

Mediterranean, Irano-Turanian and Euro-Siberian.    


     Used in folk-medicine as diuretic, astringent, etc. (Herba herniariae).

Herniaria acrocheta (Bornm.) Chaudhri, [Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijksuniv. Utrecht 285: 346, t. 17, ff. 19-21 (1968)] was first considered as a variety of Herniaria glabra [Herniaria glbra L. var. acrocheta Bornm., Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. 30: 75 (1913. Type: Palestine: Sharona, Aujah river, alt. 5m., 12. VII. 1912, J. E. Dinsmore 3257 (B, iso.: JE)]. This endemic taxon is very probably a casual morph (hybrid?), found only once, chracterized as follows: Annual, glabrous. Flowers sessile, 7-10 (-20) in clusters opposite leaves. Calyx about 1 mm., with minute white hairs at apex, the 2 outer lobes slightly longer than the 3 inners. Stamens 2, anthers orange. Style cleft almost to the base, or sometimes two distinctly free styles. Urticle ellipsoid, nearly equalling the sepals. Fl. July. Hab.: Damp places. Philistean Plain. Area: E. Mediterranean, endemic.


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Annual, rarely perennial, glabrous or glabrescent herb, 4-15 cm. Stems prostrate, caespitose. Leaves 0.3-1.2 x 0.1-0.3 cm., alternate, more or less petiolate, oblong-oblanceolate, tapering at base, rarely ciliate; stipules ovate, greenish-white, ciliolate. Flowers sessile or almost so, 5-12 in alternate clusters opposite leaves. Calyx about 1.5 mm., mostly glabrous, with short tube and 5 equal lobes; lobes oblong-ovate, obsoletely white-margined, 3-nerved, obtuse or rarely terminating in a short bristle. Petals minute. Stamens 5. Style short or 0, with 2 rather divergent stigmas. Utricle exceeding calyx. Fl. May-July.

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