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Published In: Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana, sér. 2, 26: 223. 1952. (Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: October.
Type: Type: Described from Senegal.
Distribution: Distribution: Tropical and subtropical Africa and Asia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The root bark is used locally to treat dysentery. An oil of some medicinal value is extracted from the seeds and known as Oleum Nigrum or Black oil.
Illustration: Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell (Illustration)
Map Location: G-4 Karachi Dist.: 21 miles from Karachi, roadside, Sultanul Abedin 4273 (KUH); Thana Bulla Khan, Sultanul Abedin 4234 (KUH); K.D.A. water reservoir, Pipri, M. Qaiser 377 (KUH); Noorani Sharif, S. Ali & M. Ahmad 1342 (RAW); G-6 Nagar Parker, S. I. Ali et al. 4488 (KUH); 12 miles from T. B. Khan, M. Qaiser et al. 643 (KUH); 10 miles from T. B. Khan, on way to Hyderabad M. Qaiser et al. 592 (KUH).


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A tall shrub or a small tree; young branches often spiny, bearing leaves and flowers. Leaves grey, coriaceous, glabrous, very variable, obovate, oblanceolate or linear-spathulate, obtuse, entire or crenulate, decurrent at the base, 0.5-4.5 x 0.4-2 cm; petioles c. 3 mm long. Flower small in axillary, dichotomous or fasciculate cymes on short branchlets, often forming terminal, elongate panicles. Pedicels filiform; bracts small, lanceolate, acute. Calyx lobes broadly elliptic-oblong, ciliate. Petals oblong. Disc fleshy, many lobed. Ovary glabrous, orbicular; style deeply 2-3-cleft. Capsules globose, 4-5 mm broad, bivalved, purple. Seeds chestnut brown; arillode orange.
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