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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 219. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/7/2015)
Acceptance : Accepted
Note : 2. Chenopodium album L., Sp. P1. 219 (1753); Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 901 (1879). Lectotype: Habitat in agris Europae, Herb. Linn. 313.8 (LINN). [Plate 200] Common names: White Goosfoot; Fat Hen; Common Lambs Quarters; כף-אווז לבנה.
Project data     (Last Modified On 5/7/2015)
Nomenclature:

2. Chenopodium album L., Sp. P1. 219 (1753); Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 901 (1879). Lectotype: Habitat in agris Europae, Herb. Linn. 313.8 (LINN). [Plate 200] Common names: White Goosfoot; Fat Hen; Common Lambs Quarters; כף-אווז לבנה.

Common name:

Common names: White Goosfoot; Fat Hen; Common Lambs Quarters; כף-אווז לבנה.

Habitat:

Hab.: Fields, gardens, and waste places. Coastal Galilee, Acco Plain, Carmel Coast, Sharon Plain, Philistean Plain, Upper and Lower Galilee, Mt. Carmel, Esdraelon Plain, Samaria, Shefela, Judean Mts., Samarian and Judean Deserts, Hula Plain, Negev, Upper and Lower Jordan Valleys, Dead Sea Valley, Arava Valley, [Mt. Hermon], Golan, Gilead, Ammon.

Area distribution:

.Area: Pluriregional.

Notes:

 Highly polymorphic; divided by various authors into subspecies according to colour and mealiness, size and shape of leaves, structure of inflorescence, testa micromorphology, etc. The local populations comprise at least 6 forms, the taxonomic status of which cannot be established without an experimental study and molecular phylogeny.

A common weed in tilled or irrigated crops fields. Formerly cultivated as a bread (flour) plant because of its highly nutritive seeds (for such purposes, Chenopodium quinoa is currently cultivated in some areas of the World). This species has relatively high content of vitamin C in the leaves and protein in the seeds. Used as a salad plant or in folk medicine, and to a limited scale as animal feed.

Chenopodium album seeds were found in the archaeological site of Early Bronze Bab ed-Dhra, Jordan.


 

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Annual, more or less mealy, whitish, grey or greenish, 30-80 cm. Stems erect, branched, rather rigid, sometimes reddish. Leaves 1-7 x 0.3-4 cm., petiolate, the middle and lower ones rhombic, ovate or often oblong or lanceolate, the upper oblong-lanceolate to linear, cuneate, rarely subhastate, dentate-sinuate, the uppermost sometimes entire, all mealy below. Flower-clusters densely crowded and arranged in paniculately branched, elongated inflorescences, usually leafy at lower part. Perianth segments 5, keeled, hooded, scarious-margined, mealy, greenish, enclosing fruit or opened. Seeds 1.2-1.5 mm in diam., obtusely margined, very finely tuberculate, blackish (very rarely, brown seeds can be formed under unfavorable conditions). Fl. May-November.

 
 
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