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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1027. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: S.spinosa Moench., Meth. 318. 1794; S.glabra Mill.., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 (2): 1768; S.tetrandra auct. non Stev. (1809); Roxb., F1. Ind. 3: 711. 1824.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: Feb.-May.
Type: Lectotype: Herb. LINN.-1174.1 microfiche! (Hedge in Regnum Veg. 127: 90. 1993).
Distribution: Distribution: Probably originated from S.tetrandra Stev. in W. Asia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Spinach is widely cultivated and sometimes naturalized or found as an escape from cultivation; leaves are commonly used as vegetable. It contains a considerable amount of vitamins A, B and C, iron and phosphorus and sufficient protein inferior only to meat; and thus an important food for weak and anaemic persons; it is said to increase secretions of stomach and function of pancreas.
Map Location: C-6 Kohat, 10.5.1974, M. Qaiser & S.Abedin 5816 (KUH); D-7 Faisalabad (Lyallpur), R.R.Stewart s.n. (KUH); F-5 Khairpur, cult. field, 3.3.1956, S.M.H.Jafri 1217 (KUH); c. 5 miles from Sukkur, on way to Shikarpur, 18.5.1972, S.Abedin & Abrar Hussain 9490 (KUH); G-4 Sind: Guju canal area, soil clay, (female plant), 23.3.1970, Abrar Hussain (KUH) (f. spinosa); Karachi, National refinery, Karim garden, 5.2.1969, S.I.Ali & S.Abedin 658 & 662 (KUH).


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Annual or biennial, dioecious herb, 20-60 cm tall, erect, light green, glabrous. Leaves ovate to triangular-hastate, entire or dentate, lower long-petiolate, usually entire, Staminate flowers in interrupted spiciform panicles, with 4 (-5) perianth segments and stamens; pistillate flowers in dense axillary sessile clusters, each separated and falling so in fruit; bracteoles in fruit orbicular-obovate, usually broader than long, free, with (f. spinosa) or without (f. glabra) divergent spines at the apex.
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