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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/31/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 7/31/2013)
Species Fevillea cordifolia L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 1013. 1753
Synonym Trichosanthes punctata L., Amoen. Acad. 3: 423. 1756. TYPE: without locality, Herb. Linn. 11801 (LINN, not seen, microfiche MO). Fevillea scandens L., Sp. P1. ed. 2. 1457. 1763. TYPE: not known. Fevillea trilobata Reichard, Syst. P1. 4: 253. 1780, non L., 1753. TYPE: not known. Fevillea punctata (L.) Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. 4: 418. 1796. Fevillea hederacea Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. 4: 419. 1796. TYPE: not known. Fevillea javilla H.B.K., Nov. Gen Sp. PI. 2: 124. 1817. TYPE: not known. Nhandiroba scandens (L.) Desc., FM. Med. Ant. 8: 66. 1829. Fevillea cordifolia var. hederacea (Poir.) Cogn. in DC., Monogr. Phan. 3: 943. 1881. Nhandiroba cordifolia (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 1: 257. 1891.
Description Lianas; stems, glabrous, often reddish. Leaves simple, cordate, 6-15 cm long, 4-12 cm wide, apex acuminate to attenuate, the base cordate, the margin with re- mote, rounded, glandular teeth, minutely ciliate, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, the upper and the lower surfaces minutely pustulate and usually somewhat puberulent on the veins; petiole 2-8 cm long, slender, striate; tendrils 2-branched near the apex. Staminate flowers axillary, paniculate, the rachis 10-20 cm long, puberulent, each branch with a small, ovate bracteole at the base; pedicels 1-2 mm long, slender; calyx campanulate, greenish yellow, puberulent, ciliate, lobate to near the middle, the lobes broadly lanceolate, ca. 2 mm long, acute; corolla greenish yellow, the lobes broadly obovate, 3-4 mm long, the apex rounded, gla- brous on the outer surface, puberulent toward the base on the inner surface, bearing a narrow flap of tissue on the lower 1/3 of petal separating 2 shallow nectary cups, weakly 7-nerved for most their length; stamens ca. 1 mm long, the anthers about as long as broad, equalling or longer than the filaments. Pistillate flowers disposed as the staminate flowers; calyx and corolla similar to the stami- nate flowers; ovary globose, 3-4 mm in diameter, puberulent, styles ca. 1 mm long, connate to near middle, the stigmas forming a capitate, 3-lobate head. Fruits green, flesh greenish white, globose or subglobose, 7-12 cm in diameter, the surface granular, a circumferential scar near the apex, indehiscent; seeds 6, 2 in each carpel, pendulous, lenticular, 5-6 cm long, 4-5 cm wide, ca. 1 cm thick, white, the testa punctate and minutely echinate.
Habit Lianas
Distribution ranges from Central America and the West Indies south to Peru and the Amazon basin of Brazil.
Note It is uncommon in Panama, occurring in tropical moist forests, often climbing into the canopy.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Barro Colorado Island, Croat 11918 (DUKE, F, GH, MO, NY, USF). Coco Solo, Gentry 6425 (MO). CHIRIQUI: Rabo de Puerco, 8 km W of Puerto Armuelles, Burica Peninsula, Busey 440 (F, MO, NY, US, USF). Along Quanabana, Burica Peninsula, Croat 22537(MO, US). San Bartolome', Burica Peninsula, Woodwon & Schery 872 (MO, NY, US). DARIEN: Rio Sabana above Santa Fe, Duke 14107 (MO, NY). LOS SANTOS: Vicinity of Tonosli, Duke 12484 (MO). 17.8 mi S of Macaracas, Lewis et al. 1605 (MO). PANAMA: 12.4 km E of Caffita, Witherspoon '& Witherspoon 8704 (IMO).
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