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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/31/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 7/31/2013)
Species Elateriopsis oerstedii (Cogn.) Pittier,
PlaceOfPublication Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 13: 125. 1910.
Synonym Cyclanthera oerstedii Cogn. in DC., Monogr. Phan. 3: 856. 1881. SYNTYPES: Costa Rica, Oersted 18, 19, 20 (all BR, none seen). Elateriopsis oerstedii var. biolleyi Cogn. ex Pittier, Contr. U.S. Nati. Herb. 13: 126. 1910. TYPE: Costa Rica, Biolley (CR, holotype, not seen; US, isotype).
Description Scrambling vines; stems glabrous or puberulent in furrows. Leaves simple, broadly triangular cordate, angulate or obscurely 3-lobate, 6-15 cm long, 7-8 cm wide, the apex acuminate, the base cordate, the margin entire or with remote, minute teeth, chartaceous, the upper surface minutely pustulate, the lower sur- face puberulent on the nerves, at least near the base; petiole 3-8 cm long, slen- der, striate; tendrils 2- to 4-branched near the middle. Staminate flowers axillary, racemose; rachis 5-25(-40) cm long, slender, usually flowered only in the upper 1/3, puberulent in upper 1/3; pedicels 5-25 mm long, filiform; calyx broadly cam- panulate, green, puberulent, densely ciliate on the rim, the lobes subulate, ca. 1 mm long, acuminate, reflexed or spreading; corolla lobes ovate lanceolate, 5-10 mm long, greenish white, the apex obtuse, puberulent on both the surfaces, densely ciliate, 7-nerved for most their length; filament column 2-3 mm long, the anthers forming a depressed, subspherical head 5-10 mm wide. Pistillate flowers solitary in the same axils as the staminate flowers; peduncle ca. 1 cm long, slen- der, puberulent; calyx and corolla similar to that of the staminate flowers; ovary obliquely fusiform, 8-10 mm long, puberulent, the beak ca. 5 mm long, styles 3, ca. 2 mm long, connate, the stigmas forming a capitate, 3-lobate head 5-8 mm in diameter. Fruits light green with darker longitudinal lines, drying reddish, flesh white, obliquely subconic, apex prolonged and usually arcuate, 6-8 cm long, 3-4 cm in diameter, surface smooth, glabrate, elastically and longitudinally dehiscent; seeds, obovate, 18-25 mm long, 15-20 mmn wide, compressed, the apex entire or with 2-3 notches, the base with a single notch, brownish, the testa rugulose.
Habit vines
Note This species occurs in open woods, thickets, and disturbed sites from sea level to approximately 1,400 m.
Elevation sea level to approximately 1,400 m
Distribution Costa Rica and Panama.
Note Elateriopsis oerstedii var. biolleyi intergrades with the typical variety and cannot be retained as a distinct taxon.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Santa Catalina, Blackwell et al. 2689, 2753 (both MO). Rio Teribe between Rio Treglo and Puerto Palenque, Kirkbride & Duke 530 (MO). Fish Creek Moun- tains, Chiriqui Lagoon, Wedel 2288 (GH, MO). COCLE: El Valle de Anton and vicinity, Croat 13382 (DUKE, MO, USF), 14267 (F, MO, US); Dwyer & Nee 11942 (MO); Gentry 5631 (F, MO); Hunter & Allen 363 (MO); Lewis et al. 1710 (MO), 2508 (DUKE, MO). Cerro Pilon, Liesner 766 (DUKE, F, MO, NY, US, USF). Along road and in cloud forest 5 mi N of El Valle de Anton, Luteyn 1192 (DUKE). El Valle de Anton and vicinity, Maurice 772 (US); Seibert 463 (MO). Penonome and vicinity, Williams 1156 (NY). COLON: Along the Rio Guanche, Croat 26154 (MO); D'Arcy 9728 (MO); Gentry 6311 (F, MO). 10 mi SW of Portobelo, 2-4 mi from coast, Liesner 1101 (F, MO, NY, US, USF). N side of Rio Guanche, /2 km upstream from Puerto Pilon-Portobelo Highway bridge, Nee 7108 (MO). DARIEN: Rio Pirre and vicinity, Croat & Porter 15500 (M4O); Duke 5071 (GH, MO, US), 5184 (GH, MO). Panamerican Highway between Pucro and Rio Punusa, Duke 5397 (GH, MO). Rio Pirre and vicinity, Gentry & Clewell 6934 (MO). Rio Pucuro base camp, Rio Pucuro between Cerro Mali and Cerro Tacarcuna, Gentry Mori 13875 (USF). Quebrada "Camachimuricate," Kennedy 2846 (F, MO, NY, US). Paca, just below Canai, Williams 800A (NY). PANAMA: Upper Pequeni between Salamanca Hydrographic station and Rio Boqueron, Allen 17285 (MO). Between Cafiasas and Sabalo, Duke 14455 (MO). Cerro Jefe, Dwyer & Gentry 9057A (MO). Tributary of Rio Chagres, 5 mi SW of Cerro Brewster, Lewis et al. 3472 (DUKE, MO), 3489 (MO). SAN BLAS: Rio Chucunaque, 2-10 mi above Cuna-Darien boundary, Duke 8561 (MO, US). Along headwaters of Rio Mulatupo, Elias 1788 (MO). VERAGUAS: Rio Primero Braso, 2.5 km beyond Escuela Agricola Alto Piedra near Santa Fe, Croat 25522 (MO). Rio Segundo Braso, 8 km beyond Escuela Agricola Alto Piedra near Santa Fe, Croat 25541 (MO). NW of Santa Fe, 8.8 km from Escuela Agricola Alto de Piedra on road to Calovebora, Mori 6654 (MO, USF). 11 km from Escuela Agricola Alto de Piedra, in forest along Rio dos Bocas, Mori & Kallunki 3168 (MO, USF). NW of Santa Fe, 1.5 km from Escuela Agricola Alto de Piedra, on school property S of school, Mori & Kallunki 5329 (MO, USF). 6-7 km W of Santa Fe on new road past Agricultural School, Nee 9745 (MO, USF).
 
 
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