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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/1/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 8/1/2013)
Species Selysia prunifera (Poepp. & Endlich.) Cogn.
PlaceOfPublication DC., Monogr. Phan. 3: 736. 1881.
Synonym Melothria prunifera Poepp. & Endlich., Nov. Gen. Sp. P1. 2: 55. 1838. TYPE: Peru, Poeppig 2265 (W, not seen). Selysia aspera Killip ex Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 25: 235. 1971, pro syn. Selysia perlobata Killip ex Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 25: 235. 1971, pro syn.
Description Monoecious, tendriled vines; stemns 5- to 10-sulcate, pubescent to glabrate. Leaves simple, the blade broadly ovate to suborbicular in outline, 3-lobate, 10-20 cm long, 9-18 cm wide, the apex acuminate, the base deeply cordate, the margin minutely and remotely denticulate, chartaceous, 3-veined, the upper and the lower surfaces densely to sparsely pubescent on the veins; petiole 3-7 cm long, slender, pubescent to glabrate; tendrils 2-branched. Staminate flowers 1-3 in the axils of the leaves; calyx cup-shaped, puberulent, 5-lobate, the lobes linear lanceolate, 2-4 cm long; corolla white, campanulate, ca. 1.5 cm long, the lobes lanceolate, the outer surface puberulent, the inner surface tomentose; stamens 3, the filaments free except where adnate to the hypanthium wall at the base, short, glabrous, the anthers basally and apically replicate, 2 anthers unilocular, 1 anther bilocular. Pistillate flowers not seen. Fruit red or reddish orange, the pulp white, subglobose or ellipsoid, indehiscent, baccate, 3-4 cm in diameter, the surface lustrous, smooth or nearly so, 3-carpellate, the peduncle 6-14 cm long; seeds 6- 19, erect, narrowly triangular, the apex acute, the base 3-cornuate, 12-15 mm long, 6-8 mm wide at the base, compressed, black or brown, slightly roughened.
Habit vines
Note Selysia prunifera is a variable species, ranging from Costa Rica south to Peru and Ecuador. It is uncommon in Panama, occurring in tropical wet forests from sea level up to about 700 m.
Distribution ranging from Costa Rica south to Peru and Ecuador.
Elevation sea level up to about 700 m.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Water Valley, Chiriqui Lagoon, Wedel 1596 (F, GH, MO). CHIRIQUI: San Bartolo, 12 km W of Puerto Armuelles, Busey 527 (MO, NY). COCLE: Near La Mesa, Croat 13362 (MO). La Mesa, above El Valle de Anton, Weaver & Foster 1631 (DUKE). COLON: Carretera a la Zona de Santa Rita, Correa & Dressler 1827 (MO). Santa Rita Ridge road, 5 mi from highway, Croat 13181 (MO, USF). Santa Rita Ridge, Croat 13846 (F, NY). Santa Rita Ridge road 4 mi from Transisthmian Highway to Agua Clara weather station, Gentry et al. 8856 (MO). Santa Rita Ridge, ca. 5.5-6.0 mi E of Transisthmian Highway, Lewis et al. 5399 (MO). Santa Rita Ridge Road, Mori & Kallunki 2781 (MO, USF). DARIEN: Coca- lito, Dwyer 4699 (MO). PANAMA: 11 mi S from Goofy Lake along road to Cerro Jefe, Correa & Dressler 270 (MO). El Llano-Carti Road, 7-12 km from Panamerican Highway, Croat 25109 (MO). Beyond Cerro Jefe, Duke & Dwyer 15070 (MO). Cerro Jefe, Altos de Pacora, 18.2 km E of Cerro Azul Village (Goofy Lake), Gentry & Mori 13417 (MO, USF). Campo Tres, 3 mi NE of Altos de Pacora, Liesner 593 (F, MO, US). Beyond the village of La Eneida, Luteyn & Foster 1121 (DUKE). 5-10 km NE of Altos de Pacora, Mori & Kallunki 4986 (MO, USF). El Llano-Carti Road, 7-12 km from Panamerican Highway, Mori et al. 4543 (MO, USF). El Llano-Carti road, 8-12 km N of El Llano, Nee et al. 8785 (MO). Cerro Campana, summit of upper trail, Witherspoon & Witherspoon 8469 (MO). SAN BLAS: 2-5 mi S of Mandinga Airport, Duke 14817 (MO). Mainland opposite Playon Chico, 0-3 mi from Caribbean, Gentry 6347 (MO).
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