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Published In: Genera Plantarum 280. 1789. (4 Aug 1789) (Gen. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/25/2017)
Acceptance : Accepted

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MAGNOLIACEAE (magnolia family)

Plants trees. Leaves alternate, simple, petiolate. Stipules large, membranous, enclosing the leaf buds, shed as the leaves develop and leaving a circular ring around the twig at the node, often partially fused to the petiole base. Flowers produced as the leaves develop (earlier elsewhere), solitary and terminal on branch tips, perfect, hypogynous, the buds enclosed in 1 or 2 sheathing bracts, these shed as the bud opens. Perianth sometimes not clearly differentiated into calyx and corolla, the tepals 9–15, in whorls of 3, usually shed after flowering and leaving noticeable scars, usually thickened and somewhat waxy or leathery. Stamens numerous, free, densely packed around the elongated receptacle, shed after dehiscence and leaving noticeable scars, the filaments relatively short, poorly differentiated from the anthers, the anthers dehiscing longitudinally. Pistils numerous, free, hairy, densely packed around the elongated receptacle, each with 1 carpel, the ovary superior and with 1 or 2 ovules, the style and stigma 1. Fruits conelike aggregates of samaras or follicles. Seeds (1)2 per samara or follicle. Six or 7 genera, 165–225 species, nearly worldwide.

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