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Published In: Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (quarto ed.) 2: 52. 1817. (Nov. Gen. Sp. (quarto ed.)) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: A. RADCLIFFE-SMITH
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: sept.-May.
Type: Holotype: Venezuela, Sucre, ‘in umbrosis Cumanae prope Bordones et Punta Araya’, Bonpland 407 (P).
Distribution: Distribution: Native of the Americas, introduced into the Mediterranean, S.W. Asia and Africa. On sandy clay in moist situations; near sea-level to 1640'/500 m.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A.R. Beg & W. Zeller R 122 from Rajeri, G-5 Hyderabad, is somewhat intermediate between E. serpens and E. heyneana Spreng. (E. microphylla Heyne ex Roth, non Lam.) with regard to the stipules, which on some branches are distinct and not fused together interpetiolarly.

Stewart’s records for Euphorbia chamaesyce, a European and extreme western Asiatic species, are probably referable here.

Illustration: Euphorbia serpens Kunth (Illustration)
Map Location: C-7 Rawalpindi: Sohawa, between Mangla and Rawalpindi, 5 Apr. 1973, C.C. Townsend 73/359 (K); Jhelum: Ismailwal Cement Factory, Salt Range, 5 Now. 1965, M.A. Siddiqi 3663 (BM, K, RAW); Khewara, Salt Mines Rest House, 25 Sept. 1970, S.A. Farooqi & M. Qaiser 2839 (KUH); D-7 Faisalabad [Lyallpur]: Lyallpur (Faisalabad), 24 May 1971, Niaz Ahmed s.n. (RAW); D-8 Lahore: Shalamar Garden, Lahore, 27 Apr. 1969, Sultan-ul-Abedin 2371 (KUH); F-5 Khairpur: Kot Diji, 25 Apr. 1965, K.H. Rechinger 28493 (K, W).


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Acompletely glabrous much-branched prostrate annual herb with stems to c. 25 cm long, rooting at the nodes. Petioles 0.5-1 mm long. Leaf-blades suborbicular-ovate, 1-5 x 1-4.5 mm, rounded to emarginated at the apex, obliquely shallowly cordate at the base, entire, pale green. Stipules interpetiolar, fused above and beneath to form a triangular laciniate or fimbriate white scale 0.5 mm long. Cyathia axillary, solitary, in the uppermost axils; glands transversely ovate or oblong, purplish, with narrow, subentire white appendages. Frutis trigonous, keels carinate, 1.2 x 1.5 mm, smooth. Seeds ovoid, quadrangular, 0.8 x 0.5 mm, smooth, pinkish-brown.
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