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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/29/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/29/2013)
Species Enicostema verticillatum (L.) Engl. ex Gilg
PlaceOfPublication Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pfl. 4(2): 67. June 1895
Synonym Gentiana verticillata L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 952. 1759.
Description Herb, 20-60 cm tall, unbranched or sparingly branched; stemn terete at the base, becoming 4-angulate above, inconspicuously winged. Leaves considerably exceeding the internodes; the lamina narrowly ovate to ovate-elliptic, acuminate to subacute at the apex, gradually attenuate and amplexicaul at the base, charta- ceous, with 3(-5) strongly ascending inconspicuous veins. Flowers in dense, axillary, verticillate clusters, usually 4-8 flowers per cluster, 6-8 mm long, white, sessile, bracteate, the bracts linear, 4-6 mm long; calyx 4-6 mm long, urceolate, the lobes subulate to narrowly linear-lanceolate, 2-4 mm long, flaring to re- curved at the apex, the margins membranous; corolla 6-8 mm long, ? infundib- ular, white or yellow, the lobes ovate, narrowly acute at the apex, 1.5-2 mm
Habit Herb
Description long and 0.5-1 mm broad at the base; stamens included, the filaments ca. 1 mm long, flattened, the anthers ca. 1.5 mm long, long-apiculate, bilobate at the base; pistil 2.6-2.8 mm long, ovary 1-locular, ellipsoid, 1.6-1.8 mm long, the cylindrical style ca. 1 mm long, the stigma ca. 0.5 mm in diameter. Capsules ellipsoid, 3.5-4 mm long, beaked (persistent style), surrounded by the marcescent calyx and corolla; seeds flattened.
Distribution common in the Lesser Antilles, less abundant in the Greater Antilles and occurs on the Atlantic coast of Central America only in Panama.
Note It appears to be restricted to beaches and coastal lowlands.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Fort Sherman, Stevens 254 (US). COLON: Near Viento Frio along beach, sea level, Pittier 4140 (US). Garotte, about 10 km NE of Portobelo, D'Arcy 4010 (MO). Miguel de la Borda, steep clay bank of sea coast, Croat 10024 (MO). SAN BLAS: beach east of Puerto Obaldia, Croat 16892 (MO).
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