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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 600. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: I.C. Hedge
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: June-August.
Type: Type: Europe (LINN 752/2 - microfiche!).
Distribution: Distribution: Throughout most of Europe, N. Africa, N. America and Asia; naturalised in other temperate parts of the world such as Australia and southern Africa.
Illustration: Prunella vulgaris L. (Illustration)
Map Location: A-7 Gilgit: Nomal, Saood Omer 160 (E, KUH); Chitral: Rosh Gol, NE Tirich Mir, 3350 m, Stainton 2929 (BM, E); Bashgalian Deh, 2440 m, Stainton 3229 (BM, E); near Chitral, Kamal Malik et al. 1394 (KUH); Booni, Sultanul Abedin 8059 (KUH); B-6 Swat: Utror to Gabral, Sultanul Abedin 8409 (KUH); Utror, Rechinger 19574 (W); Kalam, Farooqi 37 (KUH); Rechinger 19574 (W); Dir, Kazmi 6685 (KUH); B-7 Hazara: Nathia Gali, Qaiser & Ghafoor 2025 (KUH), Saida Qureshi 198 (KUH); Qaiser & Akhtar 109 (KUH); Durga Gali, Y. Nasir & Khan s.n. (RAW, KUH); Kaghan valley, Naran, 2300 m, Muqarrab Shah & Jamshed 136 (E); Bara Gali, Kazmi 4874 (KUH); Swat: Madian, Kazmi 9120 (KUH); Gabral, Farooqi 92 (KUH); Kulalai, Farooqi 122 (KUH); Kashmir: Muzzaffarabad, Leepa valley, Qaiser & Ghafoor 5035 (KUH); B-8 Gilgit: Kazmi 6087 (KUH), 1400 m, O. Polunin 6022 (BM, E); Kashmir: Jhelum valley, Sumbal, 1600 m, Ludlow & Sherriff 7700 (BM, E); Gulmarg, 2550 m, Duthie s.n. (E); near Srinagar, Schlagintweit s.n. (E); Kashmir valley, 1670 m, Stainton 7962 (BM), E); B-S/9 Baltistan: Shigar, Ghafoor & Butt 647 (KUH); C-6 Kurram: Karman village, foothills of Safed Koh, Afendi 33 (RAW); C-7 Rawalpindi: Murree hills, Kazmi 3124 (KUH).


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Perennial with a fibrous rooted creeping rhizome. Stems erect or ascending, solitary or few, usually unbranched, quadrangular, purplish coloured or not, 8-30 cm, leafy, with an indumentum of antrorse eglandular hairs. Leaves narrow oblong to ovate-oblong, 3-5 (-6) x 1-2.5 cm, entire to irregularly crenate, sparingly pilose with adpressed white hairs, narrowly to broadly cuneate, apically acute; petiole on lower leaves to 2 cm; uppermost pair of leaves ± sessile. Inflorescence a terminal cylindrical spike, 1.5-6 x 1.5 cm. Bracts broadly ovate-cordate, c. 5 mm broad, ciliate-fringed, purplish or green. Calyx 7-8 mm, purplish or green, narrowly tubular campanulate, with scattered long white eglandular hairs, scarcely veined in flower; upper lip truncate with 3 very short mucronulate teeth; lower lip deeply divided into 2 narrow lanceolate teeth; fruiting calyx c. 9 mm long, flattened with a closed mouth. Corolla violet to purple, 10-12 mm; tube straight. Nutlets c. 1.8 x 1 mm, smooth, pale brown, mucilaginous on wetting.
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