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Published In: Species Plantarum, Editio Secunda 1: 462. 1762. (Sp. Pl. (ed. 2)) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: S.I. Ali
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: May-July.
Type: Type: Described from Ungaria [Hungary] near the little town of Nemethwywar.
Distribution: Distribution: N. Iran, Pakistan (Hazara, Dir), Kashmir, India, Bhutan, Nepal, China, Taiwan, Japan, Russia to Central Europe.
Comment/Acknowledgements: River valleys, forest water meadows, moist places, between 1500-3000 m.

Day Lily, Orange Day Lily, Tawny Day Lily, single or double flowered cultivated in gardens for flowers ranging from near white to rose, purple, maroon and with variegations. The flowers are culinary delicacy in China and Japan and the tuberous roots are also eaten. In some parts it is grown as a crop also. The flowers are used as a flavouring agent, buds are cooked in various ways and also used as salad. The flowers are also important from medicinal point of view.

Map Location: B-6 Dir, 5000 ft, 26.6.1895, Harriss 16711 (BM), B-7 Hazara, Siran valley, 18.6.1896, Inayat 20235 (K, RAW), B-8 Kashmir, Wangat valley, growing on a rock above water level, 8.7.1940, I. M. Pinfold 154 (BM), Kashmir, Sind valley, Gandarbal, 5500 ft, on banks of streams, 4 ft high, flowers apricot brown, base of segment greenish yellow, 31.5.1940, Ludlow & Sherriff 8094, 8094/2 (BM), C-8 Kashmir, Kishtwar, Machel, near Sapphire mines, 9000 ft., borders of streams and meadows, flowers salmon, 20.7.1943, Ludlow & Sherriff 9200 (BM), Kishenganga valley, Road to Nanga Prabat, Keran, 5-6000 ft, by stream, 15.7.1939, R. R. Stewart 17587 (RAW).


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Plants erect, 40-150 cm tall. Roots fleshy with swollen tuberous parts. Leaves linear, 50-90 x 1-2.5 cm, glabrous, acute. Inflorescence 2-5 (-10)-flowered helicoid cyme. Bracts ovate-lanceolate, acute. Pedicel c. 5 mm. Flowers unscented, day-opening. Perianth single, occasionally double (stamens petaloid), orange to reddish orange; tube 2-4 cm, segments 5-12 x 1-3 cm with a purple or reddish orange patch; inner broader than the outer. Filaments 4-5 cm, anthers yellow or purplish black, 5-8 mm. Stigma 3-lobed. Capsule rarely formed.
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