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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/15/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/15/2013)
Species Malpighia glabra L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 425. 1753.
Note TYPE: herb. Linn. (LINN 588. 1).
Synonym Malpighia punicifolia L., Sp. P1. ed. 2: 609. 1762. TYPE: herb. Linn. (LINN 588.4). Malpighia nitida Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 5. 1768, non Jacq., 1760. TYPE: Seeds collected in "Carthagena, New Spain," by Dr. Houston, grown by Miller (BM). Malpighia fallax Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Hort. Chapel Allerton Vigen. 318. 1796. TYPE: unknown. Malpighia biflora Poir. in-Lam. & Poir., Encycl. Meth. 4: 326. 1787. TYPE: M. biflora Dict. no. 3, ex herb. Lamarck (P). Malpighia semeruco Juss., Malpighia Synopsis (Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. Ser. 2. 13:) 336. 1840. TYPE: Venezuela, Zulia: "Maracaybo ad Perija," Plee (P-JU 11.468, holotype). Malpighia peruviana Moric., P1. Nouv. Amer. 109. t. 67. 1841. TYPE: Based on M. lucida Pav. ex Moric. Malpighia undulata A. Juss., Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. 3: 266. 1843. TYPE: Mexico, Vera Cruz, Linden 910 (P- JU 11.465, holotype). This content downloaded from 192.104.39.2 on Wed, 18 Sep 2013 16:06:11 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions1980] CUATRECASAS & CROAT-FLORA OF PANAMA (Family 93. Malpighiaceae) 905 Malpighia glabra var. acuminata A. Juss., Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. 3: 265. 1843. TYPE: Santo Domingo, Nectoux (P, holotype; P, isotype). Malpighia neumanniana A. Juss., Rev. Hort. Ser. 2, 5: 5. 1846. TYPE: Hort. Paris, Nov. 1844-Dec. 1845. (P-JU 11.466, holotype). Malpighia glabra var. antillana Urb. & Niedenzu in Niedenzu, Gen. Malpighia 5. 1899. TYPE: Jamaica, 2500 ft, Harris 6087 (NY, lectotype; BM, isotype). Malpighia glabra var. guatemalensis Niedenzu, Gen. Malpighia 5. 1889. TYPE: Guatemala, AmatithIn, 3900 ft, Donnell-Smith 2556 (US, lectotype; G, G-BOIS, GH, M, isotypes). Malpighia glabra var. lancifolia Niedenzu, Gen. Malpighia 5. 1899. TYPE: Culta Horto Monacensi 1853 (M, lectotype). Malpighia glabra var. typica Niedenzu, Gen. Malpighia 5. 1899. TYPE: Guatemala, Dept. Santa Rosa: Heyde & Lux (Donnell Smith 6080) (K, lectotype; US, isotype). Malpighia glabra var. undulata (A. Juss.) Niedenzu, Gen. Malpighia 5. 1899. TYPE: M. undulata A. Juss. Malpighia oxycocca var. biflora (Poir.) Niedenzu, Gen. Malpighia 14. 1899. TYPE: M. biflora Poir. Malpighia lucida Pav. ex Moric. pro syn., P1. Nouv. Amer.: 109. t. 67. 1841, non Mill. 1768. TYPE: "Perou," Pavon (G, holotype ex herb. Moric.). Malpighia myrtoides Moritz ex Niedenzu, pro syn., Malpigh. (Pflanzenr. 141(94):) 638. 1928. TYPE: Colombia, Moritz 1707 (NY, holotype; K, isotype). Malpighia virgata Pav. ined., based on Sesse & Mocinio 118 (MA). Malpighia dicipiens Sesse & Moc., based on Flora Mexicana Icones, ined. 136 (G).
Description Prostrate shrub to small tree 1-3(-10) m tall; young branches green, sparsely strigillose, becoming glabrous, smooth or with prominent lenticels. Leaves char- taceous to sub-coriaceous, ovate-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate to ovate, acu- minate or rarely acute at apex, acute to cuneate or rarely rounded at base, (2-)3- 7.5(-11) cm long, (1-)1.5-4(-5.5) cm wide; petioles glabrous or sometimes strig- illose when young, (1-)1.5-2(-3) mm long; stipules free, green or reddish, strig- illose when young, becoming glabrous, subulate, 0.5-1 mm long. Inflorescence (2-)4-6(-8)-flowered, pedunculate, umbel-like, rarely raceme-like panicle, 1.5- 3(-4) cm long; common peduncle slender, green or reddish, strigillose or rarely glabrous, (2-)5-12(-25) mm long; flowering peduncles green, glabrous or some- times sparsely strigillose, (2-)3-5(-7) mm long; bracts 1-1.5(-2) mm long, brac- teoles 0.5-1 mm long; pedicels green, glabrous or nearly so, (5-)7-11(-15) mm long, sometimes with small malpighiaceous bristles at tip forming a collar below the sepals. Flowers (1-)1.3-1.8(-2) cm diam.; buds (3-)4-5(-6) mm diam., un- keeled; sepals strigillose in bud, becoming glabrous or nearly so, glands 6, 1.5- 2.5(-3) mm long, about 3/4 as long as the sepals, rarely glands 7-10 but extra glands very small; posterior petal (6-)6.5-9.5(-11) mm long, limb sometimes sharply reflexed, lateral petals (5-)5.5-7(-8.5) mm long; anterior petals (4-)5.5- 6.5(-8) mm long; androecium actinomorphic, all filaments filiform, equal in thick- ness or nearly so, straight, (2-)2.5-3(-3.5) mm long; anthers about equal in size or lateral anthers slightly larger than the rest, 0.8-1.2 mm long; pollination gap 0.5-1 mm long; gynoecium actinomorphic; styles (1.5-)2-2.5(-3) mm long, apex obtuse or truncate; ovary unlobed, long. Fruit pyramidato-globose, usually smooth and unlobed, 1-1.5 cm diam.; pyrenes ovoid, 7-10 mm long, 5-7 mm wide; dorsal wing entire, ca. 1 mm wide, lateral wings undeveloped, margin tuberculate or verrucose, intermediate wings absent.
Habit shrub to small tree
Note Malpighia glabra grows in a wide variety of habitats from wet ravines or river banks to road sides, lowland moist forest, and dry limestone, rocky hillsides; from 0-1,600 m elevation, from coastal regions to the highlands of Guatemala.
Elevation 0-1,600 m
Note The species flowers and fruits in Panama throughout the year. Malpighia glabra is one of the most variable species in the genus. Several ecotypes are found throughout its range, such as vine-like prostrate shrubs in the road sides of northern Mexico and Texas, small shrubs in Texas, Mexico and Jamaica, and large shrubs or small trees throughout its range. In Panama, M. glabra is a large shrub or small tree. It is rarely cultivated throughout its range. In Panama the species occurs principally in tropical moist forest but has also been collected in premontane moist forest and premontane wet forest life zones.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: BARRO COLORADO ISLAND: Foster & McDade 2896 (MO). Farfan Beach area, Lazor 5352 (MO, NY). CHIRIQUT: Progreso, Cooper & Slater 182, 292 (both F), 293 (F, NY, US). Boquete, 3800 ft, Davidson 1065 (A, F, MO, US). DARIEN: Rio Yape, Bristan 1395 (MO, OS). Santa Fe, Rio Sabana, 1-4 mi upstream, Duke 4132, 4150 (MO). Mulatuppu, Duke 8541 (MO). Rio Pucro below village of Pucro, Duke 13140 (MO). Without further locality, Duke 14115 (MO). Between Rio Penusa and Rio Pucre, Duke 14640 (MO, OS). Rio Tuquesa, 250 m, Mori 7014 (MICH, MO, PMA, US). LOS SANTOS: 11 mi N of Tonosi, Tyson et al. 2961 (G, MO). PANAMA: Between Rio Bayano Dam and Caffitas, D'Arcy 9394 (MO). Between Cafiasas and Sabalo, 100 m, Duke 14476 (MO, OS). From Torti to the Pilata del Toro, Folsom & Demonti 4994 (MO). Bella Vista, Herbertio 136 (G, US). Vera Cruz beach, Lewis et al. 3006 (MO). SAN BLAS: Isla Soskatupu, Duke 8934, 8959 (MO); Elias 1696 (MO). Forests around Puerto Obaldia, Pittier 4232 (US), 4282 (A, F, NY). Nargana Airport, Tyson & Dwyer 1169 (MO, SCZ). VERAGUAS: NW of Santa Fe, 8.8 km from Escuela Agricola Alto de Piedra, Mori et al. 3907 (MO). WITHOUT LOCALITY: (probably Darien), Bristan 1522 (MO).
 
 
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