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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/15/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/15/2013)
Species Malpighia romeroana Cuatr.
PlaceOfPublication Webbia 13: 561. f. 33: 1, m; f. 34. 1958.
Note TYPE: Colombia, Santander, near Barrancabermeja, Romero Castaheda 4894 (COL, holotype; US, isotype).
Synonym Malpighia mayana Lundell, Wrightia 5: 242. 1976. TYPE: Guatemala, Peten, La Cumbre, Lundell & Contreras 19882 (LL, holotype, not seen).
Description Erect shrub 1-2(-5) m tall, rarely a climber; young branches reddish to violet, glabrous or essentially so. Leaves chartaceous, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, acu- minate to cuspidate at apex, acute at base, (9-)10-17(-20) cm long, (2-)3-6.5 (-10) cm wide, smooth or sometimes upon drying somewhat crinkled or puckered above, midvein very prominent; petioles robust, glabrous or nearly so, (2.5-)3- 4(-5) mm long; stipules usually united, appearing as one, dark red or black, strigillose, linear-lanceolate, 2-3(-4) mm long. Inflorescence a (4-)10-30(-50)- flowered, lax, raceme-like panicle; somewhat strigillose at least when young, flowering axis, common peduncle and rachis (1-)2.5-6 cm long; common pedun- cle robust, (1-)1.5-2.5(-4) cm long, bibracteolate near the middle; rachis (0.5-)1- 2(-2.5) cm long; flowering peduncles 2-4(-5) mm long; bracts 1.5-2.5(-3.5) mm long; bracteoles (0.5-)1(-1.5) mm long; pedicel (5-)7-11 mm long, 2-3 times as long as the flowering peduncles. Flowers 1-1.5 cm diam.; buds 3-5 mm diam., keeled, keels ca. 0.5-0.7 mm wide, decurrent at the apex; sepals glabrous, glands 6, 2-3(-4) mm long, as long as or slightly shorter than the sepals; posterior petal (6-)6.5-8(-8.5) mm long, lateral petals 6-7 mm long, anterior petals 4.5-6 mm long; filaments (2-)2.5-3(-3.5) mm long, lateral filaments straight or somewhat curved inwards, obviously thicker than the others, shorter or longer than those opposite the sepals; anthers ca. 1 mm long, pollination gap ca. 1 mm long; ovary obviously 3-lobed; the styles uncinate at the apex, lateral styles 2-4.5 mm long, obviously thicker and usually 0.5 mm longer than the anterior, curved inwards at anthesis, the anterior styles straight or nearly so. Fruit pyramidal-globose, 1- 1.2 mm diam.; pyrenes ovoid, 7-10 mm long, 5-7 mm wide; dorsal wing sharp, entire, 1-2 mm wide, lateral wings thick and tuberculate or none, intermediate wings absent.
Habit shrub
Note Malpighia romeroana grows in wet to swampy forests and riverine areas, in lowlands with mean annual precipitation 115-400 cm.
Distribution ranges from Mexico (Nayarit) south to Colombia.
Note In Panama it is found in wetter parts of tropical moist forest and premontane wet forest. The species flowers from August to October, during the second half of the rainy season.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Trail to Rio Abajo, 3 km SW of Almirante, 100-200 m, Nee & Hansen 14114 (MO). Water Valley, Wedel 911 (MO). CANAL ZONE: Fort San Lorenzo, Allen 5122 (F). Mojinga Swamp, lower Chagres River, Bartlett & Lasser 16857, 16859 (both MO). Road S-11, NW of Escobal, Croat 12454 (F, G, MO, SCZ). N base of Mindi Hills along Quebrada Morito, Johnston 1635 (MO). End of Pipeline Road, Mori & Kallunki 1726 (MICH, MO, PMA, RSA, US). Pipeline Road, 16.8 km from Gamboa Gate, Mori & Kallunki 1766 (K, MO). Trail along Rio Petupie from road to Fort Sherman from Gatun Locks (S2), Mori & Kallunki 2698 (MO, PMA). Fort Sherman, Tyson & Blum 1673, 1674 (MO, SCZ). Old Fort San Lorenzo, Tyson 2227 (MO, SCZ). BARRO COLORADO ISLAND: Bangham 518 (F, US); Croat 5985, 6716, 8207, 12486 (all F, MO, NY, SCZ); Foster 666 (PMA); Shattuck 511 (F, MO); Weaver & Foster 1590 (MO, PMA), 1617 (DUKE, PMA). COL6N: E of Santa Rita Ridge lumber region, Correa 636 (MO). Rio Guanche above bridge, 50-200 m, Croat 36956 (MO). Along Rio Viejo, between Portobelo Road and Quebrada Ruiz, 4 km N of Puerto Pil6n, 5 m, Nee 7198 (MO, PMA US). DARIEN: El Real, 15 m, Allen 971 (G, MO). Rio Pirre, Bristan 1490 (MO). Near El Real, Duke & Bristan 286 (MO, OS). PANAMA: El Llano, Duke 5511 (CAS, MO), 5851 (G, MO, PMA, US). Just S of La Capitana, Tyson 6767 (MO, PMA). SAN BLAS: Canal just N of Mandinga Airport, Duke 14836 (MO, OS). VERAGUAS: 10 km NW of Santa Fe, road to Calovebora, Mori & Bolten 7647 (F, MO, NY, US).
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