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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/8/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 3/8/2013)
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 694. 1753.-Fig. 1, 2(A).
Synonym Hibiscus abutiloides Willd., Enum. PI. Hort. Reg. Berol. 736. 1809. Paritium tiliaceum (L.) St.-Hil. iet al., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1 256. 1828.
Description Shrub or tree 2-13 m high, evergreen, the branchlets minutely stellate-tomen- tellous to stellate-puberulus. Leaves rather long-petiolate, the petiole terete, up to 14.5 cm long, minutely stellate-tomentellous to stellate-puberulus, the stipules large, oblong-ovate, semiamplexicaul, acute, stellate-tomentellous, early caducous and leaving a conspicuous annular scar around the branches; blade circular or nearly so, deeply cordate at the base, usually abruptly short-acuminate at the apex, generally entire or sometimes minutely crenulate at the margin, up to 19 cm long and 18.5 cm wide, coriaceous, strongly discolor, 7- to 9(-11) -palminerved, the upper surface green when fresh, brown when dry and glabrescent, the lower surface grayish-stellate-tomentellous, with prominent venation and commonly with an elongate open gland- at the base of the median vein or of the 3 central veins. Flow- ers axillary, solitary or in few-flowered clusters at the end of the branchlets, the pedicel short, stout, 0.5-1.8 cm long, stellate-tomentellous; epicalyx cupuliform, irregularly 8- to 11-lobed, 1.4-2 cm long, stellate-tomentellous, the lobes acute, 0.5-1.5 cm long; calyx cupuliform, lobed to below the middle, 2.2-3 cm long, stel- late-tomentellous, the lobes narrowly ovate, acute, 1.3-2.2. cm long, 3-nerved; petals obovate to broadly obovate, cuneiform at the base, rounded at the apex, (4-) 5-8 cm long, bright yellow or sometimes orange, fading greenish or reddish, often blackish when dry; staminal tube up to 3.7 cm long, antheriferous throughout, the filaments ca 0.6-0.7 cm long; style ca 1 cm longer than the staminal tube, the branches ca 0.5 cm long, the stigmas densely fimbrillate. Capsule surrounded by the persistent epicalyx and calyx, ovoid or subglobose, apiculate, 1.5-3.5 cm in diam, the valves stellate-tomentellous; seeds reniform, ca 4-4.5 mm long, minutely papillate.
Habit Shrub or tree
Note A very variable species widely distributed on tropical beaches and in man- grove swamps in both hemispheres. In Panama it is known as majagua. The bast fibers of the stem are used by the aborigines in making cordage, fishlines, nets and cloth.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: vic of Chiriqui Lagoon, von Wedel 1349 (MO), 1939 (MO, US); Water Valley, von Wedel 837 (MO), 1795 (MO, US); Isla Colon, von Wedel 90 (MO), 516 (MO); Shepherd Island, von Wedel 2729 (MO, US); Tidal flat nr Garey Creek south- east of Almirante across bay, McDaniel 5150 (MO); lower Changuinola River, Dunlap 133 (F), Stork 133 (US). CANAL ZONE: Fort Sherman, 0. F. Cook s. n. (US), Dwyer & A. Robyns 170 (MO); nr Fort Sherman, Standley 31154 (US); nr Fort Randolph, Standley 28754 (US); nr Thatcher ferry, P. White 85 (MO); nr Farfan, Stern & Chambers 28 (F, MO, US); Venado Beach, Point Brujas, nr Fort Kobbe on Pacific Coast, Welch 19847 (MO). CHIRI- QuI: vic of Puerto Armuelles, alt 0-75 m, Woodson & Schery 810 (MO, US). COLON: France Field, Stevens 1323 (US); Maria Chiquita, Ebinger 453 (MO); between Fat6 and Playa de Damas, Pittier 3939 (US). DARIEN: Puerto St. Dorotea, Dwyer 223.3 (MO), 2234 (MO). PANAMA: Old Panama, Christopherson 175 (US); San Carlos, Allen 733 (MO, US), 1134 (MO, US); Punta Paitilla, Standley 26309 (US); nr Chepo, Kluge 42 (F, US); Taboga Island, Bro. Celestine 90 (US), Miller 1960 (US); Isla Taboguilla, Duke 5874 (MO); Isla de Pedro Gonzales, Allen 2585 (MO), Dwyer 1714 (MO); San Jose Island, Erlanson 11 (GH, US), Johnston 246 (GH); Islas de Perlas, Johansen 119 (US). SAN BLAS: plain of Sperdi, nr Puerto Obaldia, nr sea level, Pittier 4361 (US). VERAGUAS: Isla de Coiba, Mendez 141 (MO).
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