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Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici et Agri Marburgensis, a staminum situ describendi 2: 617. 1794. (Methodus) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Type: Type: Herb. Linn. n. 879.31 (LINN!).
Distribution: Distribution: Cultivated as vegetable in most tropical countries. It is extensively cultivated in Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: It is Asiatic in origin as the whole genus is mainly of Asiatic distribution. Abelmoschus tuberculatus Pal & Singh (Bot. Gaz.113:458. 1952), a N. Indian species differs mainly from the present species in its strigose hairs on the stem and shorter capsules (5-7.5 cm long) covered by bristly tuberculate hairs, may be one of the ancestors (Borssum Waalkes l.c.). Most probably Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench is of Indian origin.


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Erect, annual herb, 0.5-2.5 cm tall. Stem often tinged red, sparsely, simple, stiff hairy, somewhat rough. Leaves 5-30 cm long and broad, broadly ovate to orbicular, cordate at base, 5-7-nerved, simple and stiff hairy on both sides, glabrescent, angular or 3-7-lobed or parted; lobes ovate to lanceolate or oblong, coarsely serrate to crenate; stipules filiform, 5-10 mm long; petiole 5-35 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicel 0.5-1.5 cm long, in fruit up to 5 cm. Epicalyx segments 7-12, 5-25 mm long, 1-2.5 mm broad, linear to lanceolate, caducous. Calyx 2-3 cm long. Corolla yellow or yellowish white with a purple spot at the base; petals 3-4.5 cm long and broad. Staminal column 2-2.5 cm long. Capsule 7-25 cm long, 1.5-3 cm across, cylindrical, 5-angled, acuminate, simple hairy, hirsute when young, glabrescent. Seeds 5-15 in each cell, 3-6 mm across, reniform or ovoid, dark brown, glabrous.
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