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Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Bayer, 2nd, A, 175

Authors: Published In: Systema Naturae, Editio Decima 2: 1146. 1759. (Syst. Nat. (ed. 10)) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
Annotation: The name Malva spicata was first lectotypified by Hill (Rhodora 84: 187. 1982), who chose a specimen, in Sloane's herbasrium, that he considered part of the protologue. This specimen was identifiable as Malvastrum þamericanum (L.) Torr., of which Malva spicata thus became a synonym. However, Fryxell (Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 457. 1988) rejected the specimen chosen by Hill as part of the protologue, instead accepting a Sloane plate, cited in the protologue, as holotype. Because this plate depicts the species that had long been known as Melochia villosa (Mill.) Fawc. & Rendle, Fryxell validated the combination Melochia spicata (L.) Fryxell to replace the former name. He then employed the name Melochia spicata in his Flora novo-galiciana treatment of Sterculiaceae (2001), although there he confusingly referred to the Sloane plate as "the lectotype of Malva spicata." Krapovickas & Cristóbal [Bonplandia (Corrientes) 9: 257-258. 1997] agreed with Fryxell's rejection of the Sloane specimen, but interpreted Linnaeus's placement of Malva spicata as prima facie evidence that some other element (besides the Sloane plate) must have been used. They then chose a new lectotype, a specimen in the Linnaean herbarium annotated as Malva spicata by Linnaeus, and representing Malvastrum americanum. This is a strong argument that has not been countered, and which has the welcome effect of preserving Melochia villosa as an accepted name. Cristóbal continued to see the name Melochia villosa in her Flora de Nicaragua Sterculiaceae treatment (Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: 2428-2434. 2001). M. H. Grayum, 15/III/2005
Institution(s): LT: LINN-870.1
Note: see under notes regarding typification
Type Specimens
  • LT: "Althaea spicata, betonicae folio villosissimo" in Sloane, Voy. Jamaica, 1: 218, t. 138, f. 1, 1707 LT designated as "holotype" by Borssum Waalkes in Blumea 14 : 154 (1966). - per The Linnaean Plant Typification Project
Higher Taxa:     Taxonomy Browser
Concept:    details
Other names for this basionym:
!Malvastrum spicatum (L.) A. Gray
Malveopsis spicata (L.) Kuntze
Melochia spicata (L.) Fryxell
Projects: Bolivia , China , Ecuador , Panama , Peru , VPA


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