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Published In: Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle 19: 221, pl. 2, f. 5. 1830. (Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per. April-May.
Distribution: Distribution : A native of India and China, cultivated and naturalized through-out India, Malaysia and Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The tree is cultivated in the warmer parts of the country. It yields good timber. All parts of the plant are medicinal. The bitter bark is used in mak¬ing gum, the leaves are used as a poultice for boils; dried leaves serve in place of mothballs. The fruit is edible and oil extracted from the seeds can be used as a purgative and anthelmintic.
Illustration: Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (Illustration)
Map Location: D-4 Baluchistan: Lasbella, Bella Rest House, M. Qaiser, A. Raza & A. Hussain 719 (KUH); D-7 Sheikhupura Dist.: Martinpur, Sadiq Gill 1779 (RAW); G-5 Sind: 3 miles from Hyderabad, cult. M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 598 (KUH); Nawab-Shah, M.A. Siddiqi 2558 (RAW); G-4 Karachi Dist.: Karachi University Campus, Asif Zaidi, s.n. 2nd Feb. 1963 (KUH); Malir, cult., Dwarka Nath 217 (RAW); Mashtaq Hussain, s.n., 7th April 1958 (KUH).


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Tree, up to 15 m tall. Branches glabrous. Leaves imparipinnate, pulvi¬nus at the base; leaflets alternate to opposite, 2.5-7 cm long, 1.5-4 cm broad, ovate, subsessile, acuminate. Flowers white, sweet-scented. Sepals obovate, 1.5 mm long, puberulous, imbricate. Petals 6 mm long, obvoate to oblong, white, margin ciliate. Staminal tube c. 5 mm long, puberulous, 10-striate, 10-toothed; teeth 2-lobed; anthers oblong, basifixed. Ovary sub-globose; style linear, c. 2.5 mm long; stigma trifid. Drupe oblong, 1.3-2 cm long, greenish-yellow, 1-seeded.
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