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Published In: Tableau du Regne Vegetal 3: 547. 1799. (Tabl. Regn. Veg.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: ABDUL GHAFOOR
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: March-August.
Type: Type: Described from Japan, Herb. Linn. 1112/4 (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: A native of Japan, China and S.E. Asia; introduced and cultivated in Russia, Indo-Pakistan subcontinent, W. Asia, tropical Africa, Europe, Polynesia, Philippines, U.S.A. and many other countries as an avenue tree.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Cultivated in Northern Districts of Pakistan as a roadside tree. The bark is used for manufacturing paper in China and Japan and Taps cloth in Polynesia.
Illustration: Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L
Map Location: B-6 Chitral Dist.: Drosh, May 1909, SM. Toppin 726 (K); Peshwar Dist.: Near P.C.S.I.R. Rest House, Peshawar, cult. tree, c. 5 m, fls. green, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 6870 (KUH); C-7 Rawalpindi, old campus, Gordon College, tree, 6 m tall, cult., Sultanul Abedin & M. Qaiser 8580 (KUH); 10 miles from Rawalpindi on way to Murree, c. 4 in tall, flowers pinkish, Kamal Akhter & M. Qaiser 3 (KUH); Rawalpindi, April ‘39, Abdul Latif s.n. (RAW); Rawalpindi,1600 ft., a large deciduous tree, introduced from China, M.A. Siddiqi 1685 (RAW); D-7 Faisalabad Dist.: Forest area between Mureedwala and Faisalabad (Samundri), tree, c. 4-5 m tall, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 7285 (KUH).


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A small to medium sized, 3-12 (-16) m tall, dioecious, deciduous tree, upright branches from the base and grey, smooth bark. Young shoots densely villous. Leaves papery, with a densely hairy, (1.5-) 2-12 (-15) cm long petiole; lamina obliquely broad ovate to ovate-elliptic or ± oblong, 4.18 (-20) cm (2-) 3-14 (-16) cm broad, scabrous above, densely soft hairy beneath especially along the veins, entire or serrulate to finely dentate, unlobed or palmately deeply divided with open to close broad obtuse sinuses, 3-costate from truncate to shallowly cordate base, apex short acuminate; stipules ovate, 5-15 mm long, 4-10 mm broad, densely hairy, acuminate. Male catkins axillary or crowded at termini of young shoots, (2-) 5-15 cm long inclusive upto 2 an long hairy peduncles. Male flowers: sepals ovate 1.5-2 mm long, c. 1 mm wide, whitish hairy outside; stain final filaments longer than sepals, with much extorted oval anthers. Female heads globose, solitary on 5-8 (-10) mm long hairy peduncles, 10-20 mm in diameter. Female flowers: sepals oblong connate, c. 2 mm long, with acute long hairy tips; ovary stipitate, included with c. 5-6 mm long, filiform, pink styles. Etaerio of drupes globose, 2-3 cm diameter, orange-red.
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