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Published In: A Hand-book to the Flora of Ceylon 6: 115. 1931. (Handb. Fl. Ceylon) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/3/2012)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 4/3/2012)
Contributor Text:


Contributor Institution:

Don McNair Herbarium, School of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW-2308, Australia

E-mails: abdul.ghafour@newcastle.edu.au; artemisiella89@gmail.com

Synonym Text:

Eugenia jambos L., Sp. Pl. 1: 470. 1753; Duthie in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 474. 1879; Bailey, Stand. Cyclp. Hort. 1: 1163. Fig. 1422. 1947; R. Parker, For. Fl. Punj. 244. 1956;Myrtus jambos Humb. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 6: 144. 1823; Jambosa vulgaris DC., Prodr. 3: 286. 1828; Wight, Ic. t. 435. 1841; Gamble, Fl. Madras Pres. 474. 1919.


Fl. Per.: April – May


“Habitat in India” Herb. Hermann 2:20, N0 188 (lecto: BM) (fide Fawcet & Rendle, Fl. Jamaica 5: 352. 1926).


Vern.: Malabar Plum, Rose apple, Plum, Malay apple

Cultivated for its succulent fruits which have got crisp and watery flesh with mild rose scent and slightly bitter aftertaste. Fruits are of the size of small apples with flavor like roses. The fruit is made into jam and jelly with lemon juice added in SE Asia and India. In Jamaica and Florida it was introduced more than a century ago, the halved or sliced fruits are candied by stewing them in very heavy sugar syrup with cinnamon.


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A shrub or small, glabrous tree. Bark grey-brown, smooth. Leaves thinly leathery, glossy green, on 0.6 – 1 cm long petioles, lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, (9-) 12 – 20 x (1.5-) 2 – 4.5 (-5) cm, basally ± cuneate or rounded, tapering to the narrowly long acuminate apex, glands indistinct on both sides. Inflorescence a terminal raceme, up to 3 cm long. Flowers c. 6 cm across; pedicel up to 1.5 cm long, bracts and bracteoles fugacious. Calyx tube obconic, gradually contracted below into a poorly defined pseudostalk, c. 1 cm across with 4, persistent, c. 6 mm long and 10 mm wide, orbicular lobes. Petals white, orbicular, c. 1.5 cm long and broad, gland dotted. Stamens numerous, filaments creamy white, up to 4 cm long.; anthers oblong. Fruit fleshy, shortly stalked, broadly depressed-globose, (2.5-) 3 – 4 cm long, up to 5 cm in diam., pale yellow or pinkish , rose-scented. Seed single, c. 2. 5 cm in diam.
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