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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 112–113. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl.Per: Aug.-Sept.
Type: Type: “Hab. in Europe ad vias” Perhaps Sweden, Specimen 144.1 (LINN lecto vide Verdcourt, Fl. Trop. East Africa Plantag. 2: 1971).
Distribution: Distribution: Throughout Europe, northern and central Asia, introduced all over the world.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Leaves are cooling, alternative and diuretic.
Photo: Plantago major L. (Photo)
Map Location: A-7 Gilgit Agency: Gurez to Chorwan, Gilgit road, ± 2500 m., R.R. Stewart 1968 (RAW); A-8 Gilgit Agency: Skardu, E. Nasir & G.L. Webster 6596 (RAW); B-4 Swat: Kalam, ± 2300 m., Saida Qureshi 104 (KUH); S.A. Farooqi 42 (KUH). Chitral: Kafiristan, Bibi village, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 1906 (KUH); Bombrait, Y. Nasir 5033 (RAW): B-7 Hazara Dist: Nathiagali, Altaf Hussain, s.n. (PUH); 9 miles from Nathiagali on way to Abbottabad, M. Qaiser 3499 (KUH); Kaghan Valley; Kewai, Hassan Din 3096 (RAW); Naran, ± 2600 m. Hassan Din 3066 (RAW); Sharan, A.H. Khan, s.n. 15-10-1955 (PFI-B); Dhanni to Titwal, 1000 m., R.R. & 1.D. Stewart 17383 (RAW); B-9 Kashmir: Ladak, R.R. Stewart July-August, 1912-13 (RAW); Dras, R.R. Stewart 21168 (RAW); C-5 Kurram Agency: Parachinar, Sajjad Zaffar, s.n. (KUH); C-7 Murree Hills, ± 2000 m., Saida Qureshi, s.n. (KUH); Sunny Bank, Murree, 11-10-58 S.I. Ali, s.n. (KUH); Changla Gali, S.I. Ali 652 (KUH); Murree, near Rosenheim, R.J. Rodin, s.n. (RAW); D-4 Ziarat Residency, ± 3000 m., Y. Nasir & Zaffar Ali 5765 (RAW); Ziarat, M. Qaiser 125 (KUH); Isplingi, A.H. Khan, s.n. (PFI-B); F-2 Makran Dist.: Panjgur, near cultivted fields of Mathai, Sultanul Abedin 2077 (RAW); G-6 Hyderabad, Khyber village, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 1223 (KUH).


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Vern.: Kashmir: Gul.-Isafgol; N.W.F.P.: Ghuzhbe; Punjab: Gaz pipal. (Fruits); Baluchistan: Bartung; (Seeds:) Kahri Gosh; English: Nipple Grass, Waybread; Great plantain.

Perennial acaulescent herbs, variable with short stout, erect, truncate, rootstocks and numerous adventitious roots. Leaves in rosettes, spirally arranged, petiolate, sometimes not clearly distinguished into petiole and lamina; lamina ovate elliptic or rarely rotundate (1-) 10-20 (-30) cm long, (1-) 4-9 (-17) cm broad, rounded at apex, entire, subentire or sinuately dentate, 3-9 nerved, nerves divergent at the base, bases tapering and decurrent into long sheathing petioles usually equalling the lamina. Scapes many, 13-15 (-70) cm long, arched, erect, glabrous to slightly pilose. Spikes dense or lax, slender, narrow-cylindric, 5-15 cm long. Bracts equalling or shorter than the calyx, ovate-oblong, ± acute, brownish with a brown keel, margins scarious. Calyx 3 mm long, glabrous; sepals broadly elliptic, oblong to rounded obtuse or subacute, obtusely keeled, margins broadly scarious. Corolla greenish or yellowish white, 2-4 mm long, glabrous, lobes elliptic- ovate to narrowly triangular, 1-1.15 mm long, obtuse or acute, reflexed. Anthers at first lilac, later whitish or yellowish. Capsule 2-3 mm long, globose or subconic, glabrous. Seeds minute, 6-10 (-34), angulate, dull black, rugulose, 1-1.7 mm long, 0.8 mm broad.

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