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Published In: Himalayan Districts of the North-western Provinces of India 10: 392. 1882. (Himalayan Districts N.W. Prov. India) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: September-November.
Type: Type: India, Martin (K).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); India; cultivated in the tropics.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Two kinds of oil can be obtained from Cymbopogon martinii; Palmerosa oil from the variety known as “Motia” and Ginger-grass oil from “Sofia”. Burkill pointed out that these two variants are morphologically as well as aromatically distinguishable in the field. In the herbarium, however, they cannot be separated. Gupta (in Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Sect. B, 71:97. 1970) has shown that “Motia” is diploid whereas “Sofia” is tetraploid, and he has suggested that the latter should be given varietal status as Cymbopogon martini var. sofia (although he had already (l.c.92) given “Motia” specific status).
Map Location: B-7 Hazara dist.: Hillkote, Saran Range, 2 September 1899, M. Inayat Khan sat. (K); Abbottabad, 4000', 20 August 1953. I. I. Chaudhri s.n. (RAW); Swat dist.: Karakar, R. R. Stewart & E. Nasir 1244 (K); Kashmir: Jhelum Valley, 2000', H.C. Levinge 13721, 27378(K); Muzaffarabad, 2000', R.R. & I.D. Stewart 17305 (RAW); 11 miles from Muzaffarabad on way to Abbottabad, S. A. Faruqi & M. Qaiser 3182 (KUH); C-7 Rawalpindi dist: Rawalpindi, 1700', R. R. Stewart 10112(K); Charipani, Murree Hills, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 2103 (K); Murree Hills, Mohindar Nath 64(KUH); Sargodha dist.: Sakesar, 3000', J.R. Drummond 14545(K); Kashmir: Mirpur, Jan Mohd. 8006 (K); C-8 Sialkot dist.: Sialkot, toward dairy, R.R. Stewart 7533 (RAW): G-4 Dadu dist.: Thano Bula Khan. J. J. Norris 13(K): Karachi dist.: University Campus, Karachi, S. A. Faruqi 216 (K); G-6 Tharparkar dist.: Nagar Parkar Hills, M. Qaiser, A. Ghafoor & Abrar Hussain 4050 (K).


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Tufted perennial arising from a short, stout, woody rootstock; culms up to 3 m high, the lower nodes often swollen. Leaf-blades linear-lanceolate or lanceolate, up to 50 cm long, 10-30 mm wide, glaucous or pruinose below, usually dark green above, cordate at the base and often amplexicaul, tapering to a fillform tip, False panicle linear-oblong, up to 30 cm long, erect; spatheoles narrowly elliptic to narrowly lanceolate, 2-4 cm long, green, becoming orange or reddish at maturity. Racemes 15-20 mm long, the lowermost pedicle swollen and barrel-shaped; internodes and pedicels denseley ciliate along the margins, sparsely pilose on the back. Sessile spikelet elliptic-oblong or oblong, 4-4.5 mm long; lower glume flat on the back in the upper half and with a deep V-shaped groove in the lower, the keels winged above; upper lemma deeply bifid, with an awn 12-18 mm long. Chromosome number, 2n = 20,40.
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