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Published In: Hortus Regius Botanicus Berolinensis 2: 209. 1833. (Hort. Berol. [Link]) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: May -September
Type: Type: Jamaica, Browne (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); through-out the tropics and subtropics.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Panicum colona (Jungle rice, Deccan Grass, Millet Rice, Corn Panic Grass) can usually be recognised by the short, distant, neatly 4-rowed racemes; less constant characters are the small round awnless spikelets with soft indumentum. However, there is a certain amount of variation, and forms with elliptic pointed spikelets tend to intergrade with Panicum crusgalli.

The epithet is sometimes treated as the irregular genitive plural of a noun (“of the fanners”) and spelt colonum. However, there seems no reason to depart from the adjectival form familiar to botanists; though not in the purest classical tradition, its use was sanctioned by lexicographers of Linnaeus’ own time.

Panicum colon is considered to be one of the finest fodder grasses and is eagerly eaten by cattle both before and after flowering. Aitchison (fide Duthie) reported last century that it was cultivated in Jhelum district.

Map Location: B-6 Dir dist.: near Dir, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 6423 (KUH); B-7 Hazara dist.: Abbottabad, 4600', E.W. Trotter 158G (K, RAW); Swat dist.: Mingora, 3000', R.R. Stewart 24242 (K, RAW); Kashmir: Garhi, 2500', R.R. Stewart 10100 (K); ibid., 3000', R.R. Stewart 8982 (RAW); C-7 Rawalpindi dist.: Panjar, M.A. Siddiqi 1114 (RAW); Attock dist.: Khairabad, R.R. Stewart 27841 (KUH); Jhelum dist.: J.E.T. Aitchison 217 (K); 1 mile from Choha Saidan Shah on way to Kaler Kaher, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 4586 (KUH); Sargodha dist.: near Khushab, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 4457 (KUH); D-5 Loralai dist.: Loralai, 4700', Aslam 9 (K, RAW); D-6 D.G. Khan dist.: 4 miles from Rajanpur on way to D.G. Khan, Sultanul Abedin & Abrar Hussain 9602 (KUH); D-7 Lyallpur dist.: Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, 24 May 1971, Mohd. Idries s.n. (RAW); Lahore dist.: 6 miles before Pattoki (Pattoki Sahiwal Road), Sultanul Abedin & M. Qaiser 9344 (KUH); D-8 Sheikhupura dist.: Ladhar, Sultan Ahmad 36 (RAW); E-4 Baluchistan: Yateabad, 3400', Shaharyar Khan 14 (RAW); F-5 Nawabshah dist.: Rest House, Sakrand, Sultanul Abedin & Abrar Hussain 9446 (KUH); G-2 Makran dist.: Turbat City, S.I. Ali, S.A. Faruqi & Sultanul Abedin 900 (KUH); G-4 Karachi dist.: Hab Chauki, Bela, K.H. Rechinger 28631 (K); Forest Colony, Uthal, Sultanul Abedin & M. Qaiser 7418 (KUH); G-5 Thatta dist.: 4 miles from Sujawal on way to Thatta, S.I. Ali, A. Ghafoor & Sultanul Abedin 4170 (K); Hyderabad dist.: Badin, M. Maqsood 3 (KUH).


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Annual; culms 10-100 cm high, erect or ascending. Leaf-blades 5-30 cm long. 2-8 mm wide, occasionally marked with purple bars; ligule absent; sheaths glabrous. Inflorescence typically linear, 1-15 cm long, the racemes neatly 4-rowed, seldom over 3 cm long, simple, commonly ± half their length apart and appressed to the axis but sometimes subverticillate and spreading. Spikelets ovate-elliptic to subglobose, 1.5-3 mm long, pubescent; lower lemma acute to cuspidate (rarely with a subulate point up to 1 mm long); upper lemma 2-3 mm long.
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