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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 83. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: April-August.
Type: Type: Europe (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan (Baluchistan, Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); perhaps native in the Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia; widely introduced elsewhere.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Found throughout its range as a weed of grain crops and is sometimes poisonous to stock. Variants with awnless or short-awned lemmas have been called var. arvense Liljeblad, Svensk Fl., ed. 3, 80. 1816.

In the plains up to 2000 m.

Map Location: B-6 Chitral dist.: Drosh, 4500', S. M. Toppin 178 (K); Peshawar dist.: Peshawar, A. Rahman Beg 25787 (K); Islamia College, Peshawar, Mohindar Nath 15816 (KUH, RAW); B-7 Hazara dist.: Abbottabad, R. R. Stewart 10795 (KUH); Swat dist.: Fatehpur. 4000', Y. Nasir 3455 (RAW); Manglaur, 3300', R. R. Stewart 28982 (KUH); B-8 Kashmir: Nishat Bagh, 5200', R. R. Stewart 23068a (K); C-6 Kohat dist.: Kohat-Hangu, R. R. Stewart 28238 (K, RAW); Kurram dist.: Parachinar, 6000', R. R. Stewart 28239 (K, RAW); C-7 Kashmir: Nakial, 5500', A. Rashid Khan & R. R. Stewart 25798 (K); Attock dist.: Wah, R. R. Stewart 25755 (K, RAW); Hazara dist.: Changla Gall, 8000', September 1949, R. R. Stewart s.n. (K); Rawalpindi dist.: Murree, 7500', E. W. Trotter 41 (K), 45 (KUH); C-8 kashmir: Poonch City, 3500', R. R. Stewart 12029 (K); D-4 Quetta dist.: Quetta, J. E. Stocks 972 (K); Hanna, R. R. Stewart 27952 (RAW); D-8 Lahore dist.: J. L. Stewart 2665 (K).


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Annual; culms 20-120 cm high, tufted or solitary, erect or geniculate at the base, slender to moderately stout. Leaf-blades 6-25(-40) cm long, 3-12 mm wide, flat, with short spreading auricles at the base. Spikes erect, 5-40 cm long, rigid, the spikelets their own length or more apart. Spikelets 8-28 mm long, 2-10(-15)-flowered; upper glume 7-30 mm long, 0.75-1.5 times the length of the spikelet, 7-9(-11)-nerved, obtuse; lemmas elliptic to ovate, 4.6-8.5 mm long, smooth, obtuse, very turgid at maturity, awnless or with an awn up to 23 mm long.
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