Home Flora of Panama (WFO)
Name Search
Markup OCR Documents
**Echinochloa cruspavonis (Kunth) Schult. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/22/2012)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/22/2012)
Species ECHINOCHLOA CRUSPAVONIS (H.B.K.) Schult.
PlaceOfPublication Mant. 2:269. 1824.
Synonym Oplismenus cruspavonis H.B.K. Nov. Gen. & Sp. 1:108. 1815. Panicum sabulicola Nees, Agrost. Bras. 258. 1829. Panicum cruspavonis Nees, Agrost. Bras. 259. 1829. Panicum aristatum Macfad. Bot. Misc. (Hook.) 2:115. 1831. Oplismenus jamaicensis Kunth, Enum. P1. 1:147. 1833. Panicum jamaicensis Steud. Nom. Bot. ed. 2. 2:257. 1841. Panicum crusgalli var. sabulicola Doell in Mart. Fl. Bras. 22:142. 1877. Oplismenus angustifolius Fourn. Mex. P1. 2:40. 1886. Echinochloa sabulicola Hitchc. Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 17:257. 1913. Echinocbloa crusgalli cruspavonis Hitchc. Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 22:148. 1920. Echinochloa zelayensis var. subaristata Wiegand, Rhodora 23:54. 1921.
Description Annual; culms soft and somewhat succulent but rather coarse, erect or decumbent at the base, compressed, glabrous, shiny, 0.5-1.5 m. high; lower sheaths longer, the upper shorter than the internodes, compressed, keeled, rather loose, glabrous; ligule wanting; blades elongate, acuminate, 5-15 mm. wide, the margins scabrous; panicles 10-20 cm. long, nodding, the branches densely flowered, the lower ones rather distant, the upper ones crowded, ascending or appressed; spike- lets 3 mm. long, rather narrow, sparsely hispid on the nerves, hispidulous between the nerves; first glume broad, triangular, acute; second glume and sterile lemma equal, as long as or a little shorter than the fruit, 5- to 7-nerved, the glume acuminate or short-awned, the lemma with an awn 1-10 mm. long, sometimes with a palea about as long as the lemma; fruit elliptic, smooth and shining, abruptly acuminate-pointed.
Distribution Along ditches and in moist or wet ground, tropical and subtropical regions of both hemispheres; southern United States and the West Indies to Bolivia and Argentina.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Chagres, Fendler 365; between Miraflores and Pedro Miguel, Pittier 2508; Victoria Fill, Allen I707; between Pedro Miguel and Corozal, Hitchcock 7958; Corozal, Standley 27400; Anc6n, Killip 4I07; Bro. Celestine 18; Balboa, Hitchcock 7999; Standley 30876.
 
 
© 2023 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110