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Published In: Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica 6(1): 176. 1971. (Folia Geobot. Phytotax.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: Polygonum dumetorum L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 522. 1762; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5: 24. 1886; Coode & Cullen in P.H.Davis, Fl. Turk. 2: 280. 1966; Schiman-Czeika & Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 56: 52. 1968; Kom., l.c. 695; R.R.Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 205. 1972; Bhopal & Chaudhri in Pak. Syst. 1(2): 70. 1977; Tinaria dumetora (L.) Nakai in Mori, Enum. Pl. Korea 136. 1922; Fagopyrum dumetorum (L.) Schreb. Spic. Fl. Lips. 42. 1771; Bilderdykia dumetorum (L.) Dumort., Fl. Belg. 18. 1827; D.A.Webb in Tutin et al., Fl. Europ. 1: 81. 1964; Munshi & Javeid, Syst. Stud. Polygon. Kashm. Himal. 81. 1986; Fagopyrum membranaceum Moench, Meth. 290. 1794.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: May-September.
Type: Type: Described from S. Europe, Hb. Linn. 510.40 (LINN).
Habitat: Grows on walls in moist and shady places between 1800-4500 m.
Distribution: Distribution: Europe, Mediterrenean region N. & West Asia and Temperate Himalyas.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A fairly common species, easily differentiated by its winged fruits and smaller nuts.
Map Location: A-6 Chitral, Drosh, S. M. Toppin 274 (K); Khas Gol, Shishi valley, Chitral, ± 8500 ft, soil stony, Muqarrab Shah & Dilawar 2020 (ISL); Lowari Top, fls. white, soil stony, ± 11000 ft, 16.7.1977, Muqarrab Shah & Dilawar s.n. (ISL); A-7 Gilgit to Nomal, 5-5500 ft, 24.7.1954, R. R. Stewart s.n. (RAW); Chitral, Hassan Din 242 (RAW); B-6 c. 8 miles from Dir on way to Loari pass, M.Qaiser & A.Ghafoor 6514 (KUH); B-7 Swat, Sho Nalah, 7000 ft, 21.8.1955 A. Rehman 165 (BM); Swat, Madian, 4500 ft, R.R.Stewart 24450 (RAW); Swat, August 1961, N.A.Malik s.n. (KUH); Utror, Swat, Sultanul Abedin 8456, 8457 (KUH); Kalam, Swat, 5.9.1966, Sadruddin s.n. (KUH); Forest Rest house, Kund, 8200 ft. above Daddar, Nasir et al., 7711 (RAW); Shalazan 5,5000 ft, Siddiqi & Nasir 6442 (RAW); Swat Dist: Kalam, Utrore E.Nasir & Siddiqi 956 (RAW); Nathiagali, August, 1907, Harold Deane s.n. (K); Naran, Dambrabu, Mansehra, climber, Mir Ajab & Afzal 1109 (ISL); Mahandri, Mansehra, Mir Ajab & Afzal 1154 (ISL); Tabrah to Gali, Sharan, Hazara, ± 7000 ft, M.Zubair & Sawar Shah 403 (ISL); Swat Dist.: Near Madian, adjacent to river c. 5000 ft, R. J. Rodin 5547 (K); Kagan valley, Inayat 20127 (K); 6 miles from Kawai on way to Naran, M.Qaiser & A.Ghafoor 5157 (KUH); B-8 Ganderbal, 5500 ft, 25.7.1891, G. A. Gammie s.n. (K); Ferozepur Nullah, Kashmir, 6500, H. H. Rich 1277 (K); Phalgam 7250, C. B. Clarke 31150 A, D & 31150 B (BM, K); ibid, 7-8000 ft, August 5, 1930, R.R.Stewart (RAW); Sonamarg, 10000 ft, C. B. Clarke 30834 C (K); Kashmir: Sali, 6500 ft, G. L. C. Fuller 805 (K); Kagan, Sind valley, 6000 ft, August 28, 1917, R. R. Stewart 3385 (K); Between Aath Muqam & Karan, Tahir Ali, M. Qaiser & Ajmal Khan 445 (KUH); Bandi Askote range, Kishenganga valley, Jan Mohd 47 (RAW); Kashmir, T. Thomson 1048 (K); Kashmir, Tangmarg, 6000 ft, O. Polunin 56/331, 56.382 (BM, E); Near Gurais, 8000 ft, 7.9.1893, J. F. Duthie 14000 (E); Near Gurais, 7.9.1893, J. F. Duthie 14000 (BM); Sind valley below Sonamarg, R. R. Stewart 21332 (RAW); Narang, Kashmir, 7000 ft. R. R. & I. D. Stewart 18109 (RAW); C-6 Dera Ismail Khan, Hafizullah & Ayaz 86 (ISL).


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Annual herbs, 50-200 cm long, twining, stem branched, smooth, angled. Leaves petiolate, petiole 5-30 mm long, blade 3-8 x 2-5 cm, ovate-cordate, acuminate, glabrous but somewhat puberulous on midribs, ochrea truncate, soon falling, 1-2 mm long. Flowers small, arranged in loose terminal racemes and also 2-5 flowered in axillary fascicles; pedicel 2-4 mm long, equalling the length of perianth, articulated below the middle. Bract small, elliptic to ovate. Perianth 5-cleft, outer 3, enlarging into coriaceous wings, along the midrib, 6-8 x 2-3 mm. Wings 1-1.5 mm broad, entire or toothed. Stamens 7-8 with short filaments and dorsifixed anthers. Ovary trigonous, styles short, stigmas capitate. Fruiting pedicel 6-8 mm long. Nut 2.5-3 mm long, black-dark brown, shining, faces concave.
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