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Published In: Illustrations of the Botany ... of the Himalayan Mountains ... 1: 318, pl. 78a. 1839. (Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Synonym Text: Rheum emodi Wall. ex Meisn. in Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 3:65. 1832, p.p.
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: June-September.
Type: Type: Described from Himalayas. (LIV).
Habitat: A very variable species, particularly the leaf size and plant height. Grows on slopes between 2000-4500 m. Root is purgative and leaf stalk is used as rhubarb.
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan, India and Nepal.
Map Location: A-7 Gilgit Dist.: Naltar Lakes, 12000 ft, R.R. Stewart 26259 (RAW); Babusar, Gilgit, ± 13000 ft, M.A.Siddiqui & Y.Nasir 2799 (RAW); Beyond Satpura village, on way to Deosai plain ± 3700 m, M.Qaiser, S.Omer & S.Z.Husain 8615 (KUH); B-7 Poonch Dist.: Bedori 11-12000', R.R. stewart & E. Nasir 23978 (RAW); Muzaffarabad Dist.: Chikkar Cant., erect, 1.5 m tall, ± 7000', flowers white, S. Abedin & M. Qaiser 9218 (KUH); B-8 Kashmir: Pahlgam, 11000’, R.R. Stewart 5752 (KUH); Nureel, Muzaffarabad, fl. yellow, ± 9700 ft, Shahzad Iqbal & Ayaz Abbasi 2170 (ISL); Kernah, Muzaffarabad, ± 9000 ft, Jan Muhammad 913 (ISL); Chanbahli, ± 10500 ft, Shahzad Iqbal & M.Ayaz 1456 (ISL); Mir Panzil Pass to Deosai, ± 12-13000 ft, 28.7.1940, R.R. Stewart s.n. (KUH); Upper Satpura, Deosai, ± 13500 ft on slopes, M.A.Siddiqui, Y. Nasir & Zaffar Ali 4117 (RAW); Kalapani, 70 km from Astore, ± 3500 m, 23.7.2000, Fazal Karim s.n. (KUH).


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Perennial, 0.3-2 m tall herb. Radical leaves with 30-45 cm long petiole; blade leathery, orbicular to reniform, cordate, obtuse or subacute, entire, 5-7-nerved, papillose or glabrous, 10-50 cm across; upper leaves smaller. Inflorescence diffusely branched, mostly axillary, less commonly terminal, up to 1 m tall panicle. Flowers 2-2.5 mm across, ebracteate, pedicel 3-5 mm long, filiform; pale yellowish. Fruit broadly oblong or orbicular, 8-10 mm across, winged, notched on both sides.
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