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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1096. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/21/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 7/19/2018)

1. Adiantum capillus-veneris L., Sp. Pl. 1096 (1753); Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 730 (1884). Type: Described from southern Europe, Herb. Linn. no. 1252.8 & 9 (LINN).  [Plate 8]

Common name: Southern Maidenhair fern; שערות-שולמית מצויות
Habitat: Shady and damp walls, dripping springs, caves, wells, stones and rocks in fresh water streams. Acco Plain, Sharon Plain, Philistean Plain, Upper and Lower Galilee, Mt. Carmel, Esdraelon Plain, Mt. Gilboa, Samaria, Shefela, Judean Mts., Samarian and Judean Deserts, N. Negev and Negev Highlands, Hula Plain, Upper and Lower Jordan Valleys, Dead Sea Valley, Arava Valley, Gilead, Moav, Edom.
Area distribution: Mediterranean, Irano-Turanian and Euro-Siberian, extending also into other temperate and tropical regions.

Was used from ancient times in folk medicine (herba capillorum veneris). Grown in shady and wet places in gardens and indoor. Several cultivars exist.


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     Perennial. Rhizome creeping, with dense scales. Leaves 5-30 cm, persistent, 2-3-pinnatisect, glabrous; blade ovate to oblong in outline, with a slender, black rhachis, ultimate segments alternate, petiolulate, obliquely cuneate-obovate, irregularly lobed or incised, often serrate at tip; veins thin, forked, free; petiole long, hairy, brown to black. Sori 2-10 on each segment, covered by rectangular, oblong or reniform recurved parts of lobes (pseudo- indusium). Almost the whole year.

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