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Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 848. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: June-September.
Type: Lectotype: Herb. Clifford: 404, Artemisia No. 7 (BM).
Habitat: The plant grows commonly on moist soils or near water in rocky terrain with sandy-clay soils in North Western mountains, Kashmir and Ladakh from 1000 to 3500 m.
Distribution: Distribution: Temperate Eurasia and N. Africa; introduced and naturalized in USA and Canada.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The plant is used medicinally as a stimulant, vermifuge, insecticide and in brewing. It is grown in Europe and elsewhere for flavouring spirit known as “absinthe”. It is sold by local herbalists under the trade name afsanthin.
Map Location: A-7 Chitral Dist.: Garm Chashma, 6.9.1971, S. M. A. Kazmi 3598 (M); Brep, N. of Mastuj, c. 8000 ft., J. D. A. Stainton 3070 (BM, E); B-8 Kashmir, Regio temp., 5-7000 ft., Thomson s. n (K); Srinagar, 34° 4.60´ N, 75° 49´ E, 5000 ft., J. R. Drummond 14336 (K); W. Himalaya, Kashmir, Drained lake basin of Kashmir, environs of Srinagar, 34° 4.60´ N, 75° 49´ E, within a circle of 8 miles radius, Oct. 2-20, 1856, Schlagintweit Cat. No. 4478 (M); Near Srinagar, 34° 4.60´ N, 75° 49´ E, 5200 ft., Kashmir, July 29, 1925, R. R. Stewart s. n. (K); Kashmir, Falconer 572 (K); Pahlgam, 34° 1.60´ N, 75° 19.60´ E, August 30, 1925, 7200 ft., R. R. Stewart 14050 (RAW); Tsarar Sharif, Pir Panjal Range, 7000 ft., field border, R. R. Stewart 23256 (NA); Pahlgam, 34° 1.60´ N, 75° 19.60´ E, 7500 ft., 10.8. 1945, R. R. Stewart 21634 (NA); Ferozepur nullah, near Gulmarg, 7500 ft., Sept. 2, 1929, R. R. Stewart 10561 (NA, RAW); Ibid, Aug. 1926, R. R. Stewart s. n. (RAW); Kashmir, Alpine slope, Pir Panchal, 9000 ft., c. 3 ft. high herb, July 16, 1936, Walter Koelz 8934 (NA); Skardu, Satpura Road, common rocky soil, herb, erect, fl. heads light yellow, 12.7.1977, Mir Ajab Khan & M. Afzal 1337 (GH); Skardu, Kachura Lake, herb, erect, fls. yellow, common, soil rocky, 20.7.1977, Mir Ajab Khan & M. Afzal 1587 (GH); Skardu, Baltistan, 35° 17´.60 N, 75° 37´.0 E, 7-8000 ft., 25.8.1955, Webster & Nasir, 6568 (BM); B-9 Kashmir, Dr H. W. Bellow s. n. (K); Ladakh, Dras, 10,000 ft., July 1912-13, R. R. Stewart s. n. (RAW); Ladak, Kaltsa to Damkar (right side of Indus Valley), 15-19 July 1856, Schlagintweit s. n. (MEL); N. W. Himalaya, Sumbul, Cachm. Sept. 1905, 5000 ft., A. Meebold 868 (CAL); C-6 Parachinar, 6000 ft., April 24-25, 1957, R. R. Stewart 28031 (E, RAW); Kurram Valley, tall shrub, always on moist soil or near water, extremely common from Kurram and Shalizan to Ali Khel, July 13, 1879, J. E. T. Aitchison 865 (K, PH); Shalozan, 1.9.1971, S. M. A. Kazmi 3770 (M); C-8 Western Himalaya, Prov. Kishtwar, Kishtwar to Pir Patsaski or Kishtwar pass, 1-4 August 1856, Schlagintweit Cat. No. 3741 (L).


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Perennial, aromatic, densely appressed silky-canescent, upright, up to 1.25 (-1.5) m tall herb with vertical rootstock. Stem terete, mildly striate, minutely punctate glandular, thinly cinereous or glabrate, ± densely foliated and profusely branched in upper part. Basal and lower stem leaves long petioled, petiole up to 10 cm long, lamina broadly ovate, 8-15 x 4-8 cm, 2-3-pinnatisect into linear-oblong to oblanceolate, 4-10 x 2-4 mm, obtuse lobes; upper and middle stem leaves short petioled or subsessile with fewer, mostly lanceolate, ± acute lobes; uppermost in floral region sessile, 3-fid or entire. Capitula heterogamous, short peduncled, depressed globose, 2.5-3.5 x 3-5 mm, nodding in narrow to broad pyramidate panicle with straight ascending or ± oblique spreading, up to 30 cm long primary and up to 12 cm long secondary branches. Involucre 3-4-seriate, outermost phyllaries linear, c. 3 mm long, green, appressed canescent; inner ovate to broadly ovate-orbicular, 1.5-2.5 x 1.25-2 mm, mostly scarious. Receptacle ± flat, densely white hairy. Florets numerous, yellow; marginal florets female, 20-25, fertile, with c. 1.25 mm long, obliquely 2-toothed corolla and flat exserted patent style branches; disc-florets many, bisexual, fertile, with campanulate, 1.5-2 mm long, 5-toothed, glabrous corolla. Cypselas ± oblong-cylindric, 0.8-1 mm long, narrowed to the base, smooth, with oblique corolla attachment.
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