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Published In: Flora Suecica, Editio Secunda Aucta et Emendata 165. 1755. (Fl. Suec., ed. 2 (Linnaeus)) Name publication detail
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/12/2022)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/23/2018)
Contributor Text: J. Osborne, R. Borosova & S. Landrein
Contributor Institution: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Synonym Text: Prunus cerasus L. var. avium L. Sp. Pl. 1: 474. 1753; Cerasus avium (L.) Moench, Methodus (Moench) 672. 1794; Cerasus nigra Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. n. 2. 1768.
Flower/Fruit: Fr. Per.: April – May.
Type: Type: Herb. Linn. No. 640.22 (LINN!).
Distribution: Distribution: Europe, SW Asia. Long cultivated in temperate areas worldwide for its edible fruit (sweet cherry), seed kernal oil and wood used for furniture making, often naturalised.

1500-2100 m.

Map Location: B-6 Chitral, 4900 ft, 2.6.1895, S.A.Harriss 16102 (K); C-8 Kashmir, Poonch, Trarkhel, 6000 - 7000 ft, 25.4.1953, R. R. Stewart & E. Nasir 25527 (W).

 

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Tree to 35 m tall, without suckers from the roots, deciduous, unarmed. Bark reddish brown to blackish, splitting horizontally. Perulate winter buds ovoid-ellipsoid, glabrous. Branchlets glabrous, green when young becoming red-brown and shiny. Leaf blade ovate to obovate or oblong, 3-16 x 2-8 cm, base cuneate to rounded, apex acute to acuminate or mucronate, margin irregularly serrate or biserrate with glandular teeth, adaxially glabrous, abaxially usually densely pilose when young becoming glabrous or pilose along the nerves or with tufts of hairs in the axils of the nerves and midvein. Petiole 1-7 cm long usually with 2-3 glands towards the apex, glabrous. Stipules linear, ca. 1 cm long with glandular serrate margin, caducous. Flowers 1.5-3 cm in diameter, in fascicles of 2-5, opening with the leaves. Pedicels 2-6 cm long, glabrous. Bracts scarious (not leafy), the inner recurved, caducous. Hypanthium urceolate, 5 mm long, glabrous. Sepals ca. 5 x 3 mm, oblong to ovate, obtuse at apex, usually entire, reflexed. Petals white, obovate, ca. 12 x 7 mm, apex emarginate. Stamens 20-35, filaments ca. 6-7 mm long. Ovary glabrous; style ca. 7 mm long, glabrous. Fruit a drupe, red to purplish black, shiny, subglobose, ca. 1 cm in diameter; mesocarp fleshy and juicy, sweet to bitter; endocarp globose to ovoid, smooth, 6 mm across.

 
 
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