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Faramea spathacea Müll. Arg. ex Standl. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Publications of the Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series 11(5): 211–212. 1936. (Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 11/27/2017)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 4/30/2020)
Notes:

Faramea spathacea is characterized by its medium-sized, elliptic to oblanceolate leaf blades 7–13 x 2–4 cm with weak to developed, undulating submarginal veins; stipules with the sheath 1–2 mm long and aristas 1.5–3 mm long; terminal and axillary, few-flowered inflorescences, with one or two peduncles 2–4 mm long that each bear one to three pedicels 10–30 mm long; truncate calyx limbs 6–11 mm long; salverform, white corollas with a tube 15–20 mm long and the lobes 13–20 mm long; and oblate to subglobose fruits 8–9 x 10–13 mm that are not laterally flattened. The flower color is not clearly documented, but probably is white.

Faramea spathacea was circumscribed broadly by Taylor in various works, based on annotations by several authors on herbarium specmiens, but more study now shows that Faramea spathacea is restricted to Venezuela and the remaining plants belong to several other species. These are here separated in Faramea pauciflora, Faramea grayumiana, Faramea fosteri, and provisionally, Faramea pseudospathacea (Taylor & Jardim 2020). Steyermark (1967) separated on specimen from Ocaña in Norte de Santander, Colombia that had been included in Faramea spathacea by Standley, Schlim 531, as Faramea pseudospathacea based on its smaller corollas, with tubes ca. 13 mm vs. 17-20 mm long in Faramea spathacea, "subacute" corolla lobes vs. "subulate-attenuate", and leaves mostly smaller. These species are provisionally separated here but Faramea spathacea is now documented as more variable morphologically than Steyermark knew, and these may not be distinct.

Distribution:

Wet forest at 700–1450 m, in the Andes and Cordillera de la Costa of Venezuela (Anzoátegui, Aragua, Distrito Federal, Miranda, Monagas, Sucre). Steyermark also reported this species as possibly found in Colombia based on collections by Funck, but the localities of those are not always reliable and he suggested these specimens were actually collected in Venezuela (Steyermark, 1967: 382-383) and separated the confirmed Colombian collection into Faramea pseudospathacea as discussed above.

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