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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/12/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 8/12/2013)
Species Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack
PlaceOfPublication Malay. Misc. 1: 31. 1820.
Note LECTOTYPE: British India, (LINN 539.1 or 539.2 not seen). cf. Jackson, 1912, p. 100; Swingle & Reece, 1967, p. 233.
Synonym Chalcas paniculata L., Mant. 1: 68. 1767. Murraya exotica L., Mant. 2: 563. 1771. Camunium exoticum (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. P1. 1: 99. 1891. Chalcas exotica (L.) Millsp., Publ. Field Columbian Mus., Bot. Ser. 1: 25. 1895.
Description Aromatic shrubs or trees, 3-10 m high, the foliage dense, the branchlets glandular punctate, puberulent to glabrate. Leaves odd pinnate, 4-11 cm long; petioles and rachises puberulent; leaflets alternate or rarely subopposite, obovate, obtuse or rounded to abruptly blunt acuminate and usually retuse apically, cuneate basally, the margins entire, revolute, dark green above, paler beneath, coriaceous, puberulent to glabrate, glandular punctate, the punctations numerous over the entire blade, 11-43 mm long, 7-24 mm wide; petiolules puberulent, to 2 mm long. Inflorescences dense, puberulent, 2.5-4.5 cm long. Flowers 5-merous, fragrant, the pedicels to 3 mm long; sepals 5, triangular, puberulent, ca. 1 mm long, connate for about ?/2 their length; petals 5, white, oblanceolate to spatulate, recurved, glandular punctate, pubescent or glabrous, tomentulose apically, 12-19 mm long, 5-6 mm wide; stamens 10, alternately shorter, the filaments subulate, 6 and 9 mm long; disc prominent, fleshy; ovary glandular punctate, glabrous, ca. 2 mm high, the style deciduous, the stigma capitate, 1 mm in diam. Fruit a red drupaceous berry, ovoid, acuminate apically, glandular punctate, verrucose, glabrous, 1 cm long; seed 1.
Habit shrubs or trees
Distribution The orange jessamine is native to southeastern Asia.
Note Murraya paniculata is cultivated throughout the tropics for its large white fragrant flowers and showy red berries. It is often used as a hedge plant, and has become naturalized in many areas. In Panama it is known as mirto (fide Standley 30531). The collections cited all presumably were escapes from cultivation, although only Standley 25314 was noted as "wild." The collections bearing an- asterisk apparently represent cultivated material.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Little Bocas, Wedel 2542 (GH, MO, US). CANAL ZONE: Behind BMI office, Balboa Heights, Duke 10758* (MO). Planted, Balboa, Standley 30840* (US). Orna- mental, Survival School area, Tyson 1301* (MO). Curundu, at house 2114, Tyson 3466* (MO). PANAMA: Isla Chepillo, Duke 10332 (MO). Coastal thicket, Bella Vista, Standley 25314 (US). Planted, Juan Diaz, Standley 30531* (US). Isla Taboga, Woodson et al. 1516 (A, F, MO, US).
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