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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/15/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/15/2013)
Species Markea ulei (Damm.) Cuatr.
PlaceOfPublication Fedde Repert. 61: 78. 1958.
Synonym Ectozoma ulei Damm., Bot. Jahrb. (Syst.) 37: 170. 1905. SYNTYPE: Peru, Ule 5729a (G; MO, photo). Markea panamensis Standl., Jour. Arnold Arbor. 11: 127. 1930. TYPE: Panama, Bangham 543 (A, F, G, MO, US). Markea dimorpha Mort., Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 58: 1. 1945. TYPE: Colombia, Metcalf & Cuatrecasas 30198 (A, F, MO, US).
Description Shrub, hemi-epiphytic; branches slender and elongate, often bearing slender adventitious roots, the bark green drying scaly brown. Leaves mostly clustered near the ends of the branches or on short spurs, to 15 cm long, elliptic or ovate, sometimes oblique, mostly broadest above the middle, apically acuminate, basally narrowed, rounded or acuminate, glabrous; petioles ca. 10 mm long. Inflorescence a reduced panicle or raceme, several-flowered on stout, sparingly branched axes 1-3 cm long; pedicels 6-15 mm long. Flowers small, the calyx 5-7 mm long, 5-angled in bud, lobed almost to the base, vestite with minute, dense, straight hairs; corolla milky to whitish, often with areas colored by minute purplish hairs, 10 mm long, campanulate, 5-angled, exceeding the calyx by more than half its length, the 5 lobes recurved; anthers sub-sessile, elongate-ovoid, in- cluded, opening longitudinally from the apex, 4-5 mm long. Fruit yellow, ca. 10 mm long, ovoid-conical, barely exserted from the slightly acerescent calyx lobes.
Habit Shrub
Note This species is distinct in its small flower, deeply lobed calyx, and ovoid, apiculate anthers. It may not be congeneric with Markea coccinea Rich. Markea ulei ranges from central Panama into Peru. It occurs in dense shade at various levels in mature forests and also in the forest canopy and openings in full sun. Markea pavonii (Miers) D'Arcy is superficially similar to Markea ulei, but the calyx is lobed only a short way, resembling that of M. megalandra. The leaves are coriaceous but not punctate beneath as those of sect. Megalandra.
Distribution only from the type collection (Ecuador, Pavon s.n. (BM)
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Mojinga swamp near mouth of Rio Chagres, below 1 m, Allen 862 (MO). Barro Colorado Island, Aviles 53 (F, MO); Bangham 543 (A, F, G, MO, US); Carpenter 55 (F); Croat 6031, 8041, 8239, 8498, 8911, 11477 (all MO); D'Arcy 3926, 3946 (both MO); Ebinger 563 (MO, US); Foster 1057 (DUKE, PMA); Kenoyer 619 (F); Shattuck 272 (F, MO); Wilson 60 (F, MO); Woodworth & Vestal 599 (A, MO). COLON: Near Guasimo, forested area along Rio Miguel de la Borda, Croat 9912 (MO). Santa Rita lumber road ca. 15 km E of Colon, Dressler & Lewis 3700 (MO). East Ridge (Santa Rita), Duke 15295 (MO). Santa Rita Ridge, 4-5.5 mi. E of Transisthmian Highway, advanced secondary forest, Lewis et al. 5290 (ADW, BIRM, C, MO). Santa Rita Ridge, end of road from Transisthmian Highway ca. 10 mi. from highway, advanced secondary forest, Porter et al. 4820 (MO). DARIEN: Between Quebrada Venado and Peje Swamp on headwaters of Rio Tuqueza, Bristan 1010 (BIRM, MO). Forest near Pidiaque peak, 800-1,000 ft, Duke 8069 (MO). Cuipo forests near Santa Fe, Duke 12268 (MO). Rio Balsa between Manene and Tusijuanda, Duke 13542 (MO). Tumaganti, 300 m, Duke 14161 (MO). Without locality, Duke & Bristan 8197 (OS). Manene to mouth of Rio Cuasi, Kirkbride & Bristan 1454 (MO). Along Rio Sambui, above tide limit, Pittier 5566 (F). Periaque camp at river, Tyson et al. 4748 (MO). PANAMA: 19 mi. N of El Llano on road to Carti (San Blas), 500 m, Busey 907 (C, MO, P, PMA, W, WIS). Forests along headwaters of Rio Corso, 500 ft, Duke 11914, 11945 (both MO). N of El Llano, 500-800 m, Gentry 5580 (MO). SAN BLAS: Near stream above Puerto Obaldia, Gentry 1542 (MO, NY).
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