Home Flora of Pakistan
Name Search
District Map
Grid Map
Inventory Project
!Corchorus aestuans L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Systema Naturae, Editio Decima 2: 1079. 1759. (Syst. Nat. (ed. 10)) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: August-October.
Type: Type: “Habitat in America. Calidiore”.
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Bangla Desh, Burma, Malaya, Indo-China, Australia, tropical Africa, West Indies and Central America.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A common annual in waste lands from sea level to 2000 m, in plains and hills, throughout Pakistan.

A coarse fibre is occasionally extracted from this plant in parts of India which is of no commercial value. The roots and leaves are said to cure gonorrhoea and used in making an injection for urethral discharge. The seeds are stomachiac and used in pneumonia.

Photo: Corchorus aestuans L. (Photo)
Map Location: B-7 Mardan Dist.: Between Rustam and Ambela Kandao, near Surkhawai, cultivated ground, B.L. Burtt 1475 (PFI-B; E); Hazara Dist.: c. 1.5 miles from Garhi Habibullah on way to Balakote, S.A. Farooqi & Mohd. Qaiser 3201 (KUH) ; Shinkiari, Hazara, c. 1200 m, M.A. Siddiqi, Y. Nasir & Zaffar Ali 4070 (RAW); Muzaffarabad Dist.: Domel, Jhelum Valley Road, 700-850 m, R.R. Stewart 5157 (RAW); C-6 Kohat Dist.: Hangu, bank of ditch, Sadiq Masih 29 (RAW); C-7 Rawalpindi Dist.: Topi Park, Rawalpindi, R. R. Stewart 17084; 27053 (RAW; KUH); Karot, Tehsil Kahuta, c. 700-1000 m, M. A. Siddiqi & Y, Nasir 6095 (RAW); C-7 Gujrat Dist.: Lala Musa, Y. Nasir & Zaffar Ali 4507 (RAW) ; G-4 Karachi Dist.: Jam Goth, common near cultivated field, S.M.H. ,Jafri 4109 (KUH); Karachi University Campus, Sultanul Abedin & Abdul Ghafoor 4049; 4051 (KUH); Niko Kalir, along coastal region, 1.10.59, Mohd. Tasnif s.n. (KUH); G-5 Thar Parker Dist.: 14 miles from Mithi on way to Diplo, Mohd. Qaiser, Abdul Ghafoor & Abrar Hussain 3728 (KUH); Ibid, c. 4 miles from Mithi on way to Nagar Parker, Mohd. Qaiser, Abdul Ghafoor & Abrar Hussain 3791 (KUH); G-6 Thar Parker Dist.: Nagar Parker, near pond, Mohd. Qaiser, Abdul Ghafoor & Abrar Hussain 4100 (KUH).


Export To PDF Export To Word
Erect or spreading, (10-) 20-60 cm tall, much branched, annual herb. Stem and branches purple, pilose. Leaves 3-5-costate, costae hairy to almost glabrous, lanceolate to ovate, 2-9.5 cm long, 1-5 cm broad, oblique or obtuse at the base, serrate, basal serratures prolonged into setaceous appendages or not, glabrous except the hairy to glabrescent costae, acute; petiole 0.5-3(-4) cm long, purple, pilose; stipules setaceous, 5-7 mm long, pilose, purplish green. Cyme antiphyllous, very shortly pedunculate, mostly 2, rarely 3-flowered. Flowers golden yellow, c. 1 cm across, pedicel c. 2 mm long, jointed; bracts akin to stipules, 4-6 mm long, purple. Sepals linear-oblong, c. 4 mm long, hooded and awned at the apex, purple dotted outside, green within, glabrous. Petals obovate, 3.5-5 mm long, c. 3 mm broad, obtuse, hairy at the base. Stamens (12-) 30, filaments c. 3 mm long. Carpels 3; ovary oblong-cylindric, c. 1.5-2 mm long, minutely hairy, 3-loculed, truncate above; style 3-fid, c. 1.5 mm long, stigmas bilobed. Capsules solitary or paired, with 3 fairly stout wings, (10-) 15-25 mm long, c. 4-6 mm in diameter, truncate and terminating in 3, bifid, radiating, 3-7 mm long beaks at apex, 3-loculed, locules transversely septate or aseptate. Seeds blackish-brown, angular, rough, obliquely truncate at both ends.
© 2023 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110