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Published In: Synopsis Plantarum 2: 532. 1807. (Syn. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/9/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 7/9/2009)
Status: Native


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2. Typha domingensis Pers. (southern cattail)

Map 793

Aerial stems 1–4 m tall. Leaves 8–15 mm wide, about as long as the aerial stems, the basal sheaths truncate or tapering above, not or only slightly auriculate, the mucilage glands brown, extending 1–10 cm up the inner surface of the leaf blades. Spikes 20–40 cm long, the staminate and pistillate portions separated by 1–8 cm of sterile stem. Pistillate portions of the spikes 2–3 cm in diameter in fruit, brown to yellowish brown. Pistillate flowers subtended by linear‑acuminate bracts with unthickened, light brown tips, the stigmas linear to linear‑lanceolate, the stalks with white, filiform hairs slightly thickened and brown toward the tips. Fruits (including stalks and hairs) 5–8 mm long. 2n=30. May–July.

Uncommon in the Unglaciated Plains Division (worldwide except Australia, New Zealand, mostly tropical). Emergent aquatic, on margins of ponds and intermittent drainages in mesic prairies.

The presence of this species in Missouri has only recently been confirmed. It is common in the southern Great Plains and occurs in several counties in Kansas that are adjacent to Missouri, thus it presumably occurs natively in the state. It should be searched for elsewhere in the prairies of western Missouri.

For a discussion of the hybrid with T. angustifolia, see the treatment of that species.



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