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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 1/22/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 1/22/2013)
Species URERA ELATA (Sw.) Griseb.
PlaceOfPublication Fl. Brit. W. Ind. 154. 1859.
Synonym Urtica elata Sw. Prodr. 37. 1788.
Description Shrub or small tree, 2-4 m. (occasionally to 6 m.) high, sometimes becoming scandent; leaves ovate-oblong to elliptic-ovate, up to 30 cm. long and 12 cm. wide, acuminate at apex, rounded at base, sometimes slightly emarginate, crenate- serrate, crenulate, or subentire, glabrescent, or occasionally hirsutulous on the principal nerves beneath; plants dioecious, the inflorescences dichotomous, much shorter than the petioles, staminate flowers sessile in glomerules, glabrous; pistillate flowers short-pediceled, usually borne singly.
Habit Shrub tree
Distribution With much the same distribution in Panama as the preceding species; also in Jamaica and Colombia.
Note Two forms are represented by the specimens cited below; one has relatively small leaves which bear punctiform cystoliths densely massed all over the upper surface, and agrees best with type material of U. elata in the British Museum; the other has leaves generally more than 15 cm. long, the cystoliths being short-linear and radiating from the center of the areoles to the veinlets. This latter variant has been confused with U. alceifolia (Poir.) Gaud., of French Guiana, which apparently cannot be separated from the common U. caracasana.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Changuinola Valley, Dunlap 24I; Rio Cricamola, between Finca St. Louis and Konkinto6, alt. 10-50 m., Woodson, Allen d Seibert I923. CANAL ZONE: Hayes 750; Barro Colorado Island, Standley 4II32, Kenoyer 396; Madden Dam, Allen 2008. CHIRIQuf: vicinity of Bajo Mona, alt. 1500-2000 m., Woodson d Schery 593, Woodson, Allen d Seibert io00; near Monte Lirio, Rio Chiriqui Valley, G. White 63; Progreso, Cooper d Slater i76; El Boquete, alt. 1000-1300 m., Maxon 4992, Pittier 2939. COCLE: El Valle de Ant6n, trail to Las Minas, alt. 1000 m., Allen 246i, 27I2; vicinity of Finca Toma's Arias, alt. 600 m., Allen 36I7. COLON: Rio Fato, alt. 10-100 m., Pittier 4189. DARIEN: Cana, R. S. Williams 794.
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