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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 20–21. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: June-Dec.
Type: Type: “Hab. in Europae mediterraneae ruderatis”. Herb. Linn. 35/15 (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: Most of Europe and Asia, N. Africa; introduced in N. America and S. Africa.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Fairly common near water in waste lands and cultivated fields in northern and western parts of Pakistan, between 500 and 2000 m.

Leaves are used as a febrifuge and tonic and roots as a cure for scorpion and snake bite.

Photo: Verbena officinalis L. (Photo)
Map Location: A-7 Chitral, 1500 m, in cult. fields, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 1851 (KUH); B-6 Dir, 26 miles from Dir on way to Rabat, soil wet sandy clay, Sultanul Abedin 8202 (KUH); B-7 Mardan Distt.: Chakadra, sandy clay soil, Sultanul Abedin 7740 (KUH); c. 5 miles from Mardan towards Malakand, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 1674 (KUH); Swat, Below Malakand, near field edges, M. Siddiqui & Y. Nasir 6866 (RAW); Saidu Sharif, S.A. Faruqi 14 (KUH); Muzaffarabad Dist., Muzaffarabad, S.I. Ali 1111 (KUH); near Gojra, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 4892 (KUH); Hazara Dist.: 2 miles from Abbottabad, on way to Nathiagali, common, on roadside fields, S.A. Faruqi & M. Qaiser 3421 (KUH); near Sarai sala, Haripur, Siddiqui & Nasir 7257 (RAW); C-6 Peshawar Dist.: Peshawar University Campus, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 1659 (KUH); Kohat Dist.: Kohat, S.I. Khan 893 (KUH); C-7 Rawalpindi Dist.: Murree Hills, 2000 m, 25.5.1968, Saida Qureshi s.n. (KUH); Campbellpur Dist.: Wah gardens, 25 miles from Rawalpindi, Saida 263 (KUH); Sultanul Abedin 2735 (KUH); Jhelum Dist.: Kalar Kahar, near police station, S.A. Faruqi & M. Qaiser 2797 (KUH); Sargodha Dist.: 10 miles from Pail on way to Chakwal, S.A. Faruqi & M. Qaiser 2769 (KUH); D-4 Quetta Dist.: Urak, M. Qaiser 24 (KUH); S.I. Ali 1222 (KUH); D-7 Lahore Dist.: 54 miles from Lahore on way to Sargodha, S.A. Faruqi 2161 (KUH); Changa manga, M. Qaiser 343 (KUH); near Forest Rest House, Sultanul Abedin 7522 (KUH).


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Erect perennial, 25-100 cm tall, somewhat woody at base, branched above; branches 4-angled with scabrous angles. Leaves oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 3.5-8 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm broad, deeply serrate, lyrately pinnatifid to subentire, narrowed at the base; hispid, lower petiolate, upper ones sessile. Spikes terminal, paniculate, 10-20 cm long. Flowers pale pink or purplish, c. 4 mm across, subsessile; bracts oblong-ovate, c. 2 mm long, acuminate, ciliate. Calyx tube longer than bracts, minutely 5-toothed, ribbed, hairy. Corolla-tube almost cylindrical, c. 6 mm long, unequally 5-lobed, hairy. Stamens 4, all fertile or occasionally 2 sterile, included; anthers appendaged. Ovary 4-lobed with short style. Fruits of four, 1-seeded, subcylindrical, smooth nutlets.
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