Home Araliaceae
Home
Anakasia
Aralia
Astropanax
Astotricha
Brassaiopsis
Cephalaralia
Cheirodendron
Chengiopanax
Crepinella
Cussonia
Dendropanax
Didymopanax
Eleutherococcus
Gamblea
Harmsiopanax
Hedera
Heptapleurum
Heteropanax
Hydrocotyle
Kapopanax
Macropanax
Merrilliopanax
Meryta
Metapanax
Motherwellia
Neocussonia
Neosciadium
Oplopanax
Oreopanax
Osmoxylon
Panax
Plerandra
Polyscias
Pseudopanax
Raukaua
Schefflera
Sciodaphyllum
Seemannaralia
Trachymene
Trevesia
Woodburnia
!Panax L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 1058. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/16/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Taxon Profile     (Last Modified On 6/26/2012)
Description: Hermaphroditic or andromonoecious (rarely diphasic or “sex-changing”, P. trifolius L.), unarmed, pubescent with simple hairs or glabrous, terrestrial, perennial herbs. Stems unbranched, leptocaulous; rhizomes short and upright, or horizontally elongated with thick and short internodes, or horizontally elongated with slender and elongated internodes and globose nodes. Main root carrot-like or slightly fusiform or globose in shape, often decayed in older plants of most species. Leaves 2–5, whorled at the apex of the stem, petiolate, the bases slightly enlarged, exstipulate or occasionally with lanceolate stipules; blades palmately compound with 3–7 leaflets; leaflets ovate, oblong, obovate, to lanceolate, membranaceous to chartaceous, the margins entire, serrate, dentate, or pinnately lobed; petiolulate or occasionally sessile. Inflorescences terminal, erect, simple umbellate or a cluster of a few umbels; bracts triangular to lanceolate; pedicels medium, slender, articulated. Calyx 5-toothed; petals 5, imbricate (quincuncial), free; stamens 5; carpels 2–3 (–5), ovaries inferior, styles basally connate; the disc flat or convex. Fruits drupes, glabrous, bright red or red with a black top; endocarp crustaceous. Endosperm uniform. 2n = 24, 48, occasionally 44.
Distribution: Disjunct in E Asia (about 15 spp.) and E North America (2 spp.). Panax ginseng, P. notoginseng and P. qinquefolius are well-known herbal medicines.

 

Lower Taxa
 
 
© 2020 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110