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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 11/12/2012)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 11/12/2012)
Genus CAPPARIS L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 503. 1753.
Synonym Quadrella Meissn. Gen. 15. 1837.
Reference Dalla Torre & Harms, Gen. Siph. 193. 1901.
Description Shrubs or trees, glabrous, lepidote, or pubescent with stellate or simple hairs; leaves usually alternate, stipulate or exstipulate, the blade simple, sometimes sub- tended by a more or less definite petiolar pulvinus; inflorescence various, usually several- to many-flowered, bracteate; sepals 4, free or somewhat united at the base, valvate, imbricate, or open in the bud, equal or in 2 unequal series, usually sub- tending a fleshy or membranaceous disc gland; petals 4, equal or somewhat un- equal, imbricate or open in the bud; stamens few to over 100, the filaments inserted on a discoid or cylindrical androphore; pistil 1-celled in the Panamanian species, with 2 parietal placentas bearing few to many campylotropous ovules, borne upon a short or elongate gynophore; fruit a fleshy silique, tardily dehiscent or indehiscent.
Habit Shrubs trees
Key a. Indument lepidote, or of stellate hairs. b. Indument lepidote throughout; staminal filaments conspicuously thickened and pilose at the base. c. Ovary and fruit essentially sessile. d. Leaves coriaceous, 4-11 cm. long, rounded to broadly acute, densely lepidote beneath; inflorescence a corymbose panicle ........ 1. C. ODORATISSIMA dd. Leaves firmly membranaceous, 15-25 cm. long, subcaudate- acuminate, inconspicuously lepidote beneath; inflorescence an elongate raceme .........- -2. C. ANTONENSIS cc. Ovary and fruit borne upon an elongate gynophore. d. Corymbs clustered in the axils of the uppermost leaves, several- flowered; leaves heavily coriaceous, the petioles 0.5-1.5 cm. long3 CO.............................................................................................. 3. C. CYNOPHALLOPHORA dd. Corymbs terminal, solitary, few-flowered; leaves firmly mem- branaceous to subcoriaceous, the petioles 2.0-2.5 cm. long-..... 4. C. CHIR5QUENS1S bb. Indument of stellate hairs upon flowers and leaves, occasionally lepidote upon the stem; staminal filaments glabrous, not greatly en- larged- at the base. c. Leaves cuneate at the base. d. Leaves acuminate to subcaudate-acuminate; calyx cleft nearly to the receptacle, the lobes essentially free. e. Corymbs much shorter than the subtending leaves, the flow- ers not specially congested at the base of the peduncle; flowers very small, the petals about 3.5 mm. long, the gynophore much shorter than the stamens-............................................ 5. C. CROTONANTHA (88) 1948] FLORA OF PANAMA (Capparidaceae) 89 ee. Corymbs umbelliform, the flowers congested at the tip of a filiform peduncle nearly as long as the subtending leaves; flowers larger, the petals 8-10 mm. long, the gynophore longer than the stamens ....................................................... 6. C. FILIPES dd. Leaves broadly rounded and minutely mucronulate; calyx campanulate, cleft about half way to the receptacle .................... 12. C. OVALIFOLIA cc. Leaves deeply cordate and amplexicaul, densely stellate-tomentose beneath; corymbs subumbelliform, the flowers congested at the tip of a filiform peduncle much exceeding the subtending leaves ........ 7. C. MIRIFICA aa. Indument none, or of simple hairs. b. Sepals large and unequal, closely imbricate in the bud, abscissing shortly after anthesis. c. Leaves obscurely cordate at the base, usually pilosulose with simple hairs, very shortly petiolate; fruit subovoid, 3-6 cm. long, densely tuberculate ............................................................................................8. C. VERRUCOSA cc. Leaves broadly acute to rounded at the base, glabrous, distinctly petiolate; fruits oblong-siliquiform, compressed, 4-15 cm. long, smooth ..- -9. C. FLEXUOSA bb. Sepals small, essentially equal, open in the bud, persistent after anthesis. c. Inflorescences of several-flowered racemes in the uppermost leaf- axils; leaves strikingly heteromorphic, the lower larger and defi- nitely petiolate, the uppermost much smaller and sessile or sub- sessile, all with a rather definite pulvinus subtending the blade ...... 10. C. BADUCCA cc. Inflorescence of solitary flowers in the uppermost leaf-axils; leaves essentially homomorphic, the uppermost somewhat reduced in size, but all definitely petiolate, without a pulvinus .................................. 11. C. UNIFLORA
 
 
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