Home Flora of Panama (WFO)
Name Search
Markup OCR Documents
Capsicum L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenAfrican Plants, Senckenberg Photo GallerySearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/15/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/15/2013)
Genus Capsicum L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. PI. 188-9. 1753
Note TYPE: C. annum L.
Description Erect or clambering short-lived perennial herbs; stems sometimes angled, glabrous or pubescent with simple, sometimes glandular hairs. Leaves simple, entire or weakly toothed, mostly ovate or elliptical; abruptly or gradually narrowed into a slightly winged petiole; minor leaves present or not. Inflorescence one or a few flowers fascicled in the leaf axil; the flowering pedicels mostly downward curved, erect or curved in fruit, sometimes angled. Flowers with the calyx cyathiform or short tubular, truncate or with 5 or 10 short teeth, sometimes accrescent but not enclosing the fruit, rarely with an annular thickening or ferrule around the base; the corolla small, yellow, white or bluish, sometimes spotted, deeply lobed; the stamens 5, equal, the filaments inserted at the base of the corolla tube, the anthers yellow or purple, dehiscing longitudinally; the ovary glabrous, 2-loculed, many-ovuled, the stigma puntiform or capitate. Fruit a dry, coriaceous to fleshy berry with large air spaces in the locules, bright purple, red, orange, yellow or white, comestible. Seeds flattened-lenticular, yellow (Panama), small; embryo curved around the periphery of the seed; the endosperm fleshy.
Habit herbs
Note A genus of perhaps a dozen species, many of them grown for their culinary and ornamental fruits. For many years this genus was confused with Witheringia, which differs in its often woody habit, apiculate anthers, and juicy fruits. Capsicum has a close relationship with Lycianthes, for the calyx teeth, when present, are secondarily derived in much the same way. In Panama, as well as in other tropical American countries, there is frequent hybridization between large-fruited horticultural strains and the small-fruited, bird dispersed, wild strains, the result being many plants with intermediate characteristics, especially near human habitation. The name is perhaps from the Latin "cirpsa" = capsule, although the fruit is a berry.
Common cirp Aji
Common peppers
Reference D'Arcy, W. G. & W. H. Eshbaugh. New World peppers north of Colombia: A resume. Baileya 19: 93-105. 1974.
Key a. Pedicels after first flowering node mostly one to a node; prominent constriction lacking between the base of the calyx and the pedicel; corolla pure white to bluish white. b. Fruits large, mostly more than 1 cm across ...... la. C. annuum var. annuum bb.Fruits small, mostly less than 1 cm across ...... lb. C. annuum var. aviculare aa. Pedicels mostly 2 or more per node (look for scars); prominent constriction sometimes present between the base of the calyx and the pedicel; corolla dull white or greenish white. c. Constriction absent between base of calyx and pedicel; corolla greenish white; fruit usually erect, deciduous, soft fleshed; style exserted 1.5 mm or more beyond the anthers ...... 3. C. frutescens cc. Constriction present between the base of the calyx and pedicel; corolla dull white; fruit usually pendant, persistent, firm fleshed; style exserted 1 mm or less beyond the anthers ...... 2. C. chinense
© 2020 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110